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The Engineer

“ A good Engineer has a creative approach, inquisitive outlook, analytical thinking and problem-solving ability”.

Engineers should be creative in approach, inquisitive in outlook, analytical in thinking and have an ability to solve problems. They should be able to work as part of a team and in writing. Communication abilities are important because engineers often interact with specialists in a wide range of field a outside engineering.

Intellectual Development: As your engineering studies progress, abilities to solve problems and think critically will increasingly grow stronger. Engineering education plays an active role in your intellectual growth.

Social Impact: Engineering can certainly be an excellent career choice to fulfill humanintarian goals.

Financial Security :If you do become an engineer, you will be rewarded financially. Engineers, even in entry-level positions, are well paid.

Professional Environment: There are many opportunities to enhance knowledge , skills , self-confidence and overall ethos as a professional engineer.

Understanding how things work: Engineering education will equip students to understand the world around and to develop informed views regarding important social, political, and economic issues facing our nation and the world.

Creative thinking: Engineering is , y its very nature, a creative profession Engineers have limitless opportunities to be ingenious , inventive and creative. Creativity is practically an essential ingredient of engineering. Besides the above, Engineers get job satisfaction, challenging work and prestige.

Major Engineer Disciplines:

Electronics and communications Engineering: This course has a great demand for students. Apart from jobs in electronic industry, students can easily get absorved in computer hardware and software industry.

Electronics deal with the design of circuits and electric devices to provide, amplify, detect or rectify electrical signals. Electronics is rapidly changing and becoming increasingly important because of new advances in microelectronics important because of new advances in microelectronics. Our standard of living has significantly improved due to the advent of transistors, semi-conductors and Integrated Circuits(ICs).

Communications involve a broad spectrum of applications from consumer entertainment to military radar.

Recent advances in personal communication system(e.g., cellular telephones) and video conferencing along with technological advances in lasers and fibre optics are bringing about a revolution in the communications field.

Electrical Engineering: There are a number of jobs available for electrical engineers in the field of electric power generation, transmission and distribution, besides they are involved in manufacturing industry in the production of electrical and electronic parts and many types of switchgear and controls. Power engineers are involved with conventional generation systems such as hydroelectric, steam and nuclear as well as alternative generation systems from solar, wind and fuel cells.

Controls Engineers design systems that control automated operations and processes. Control systems generally compare a measured quantity to a desired standard and make whatever adjustments are needed to bring the measured quantity as close as possible to the desired standard/Instrumentation. This involves the use of electronics devise, particularly transducers, to measure parameters like pressure, temperature, flow rate, speed, acceleration, voltage and current. Instrumentation engineers not only conduct such measurements themselves, they also take part in processing, storing and transmitting the data they collect.

Mechanical Engineering: There is hardly any industry which does not use Mechanical Engineers. Mechanical Engineering is grouped into the three broad areas. Energy involves the production and transfer of energy as well as the conversion of energy from on form to another. Mechanical Engineers in this area design and operate power plants, study the economical combustion of fuels, design processes to convert heat energy into mechanical energy and create ways to put that mechanical energy to work, Mechanical Engineering in energy and create ways to put that mechanical energy to work, Mechanical Engineers in energy-related fields also design heating, Ventilation and air-conditioning systems for our homes, offices, commercial buildings and industrial plants.

Design of structures and Motion of Mechanical Systems: Mechanical Engineering in these areas contribute to the design of automobiles, trucks, tractors, trains, airplanes and even interplanetary space vehicles. They design lathes, milling machines, grinders and drill presses used in the manufacture of goods.

Manufacturing : The third area of Mechnical Engineering study, is the process of converting raw materials into a final product. To take this process from start to finish, a variety of equipment, machinery and tools is bound to be needed. Designing and building these requisite equipment and machines are what the manufacturing areas of Mechanical Engineering entails.

Civil Engineering: With the present focus on infrastructure development such as roads, pots and transport facilities, the Civil Engineering will be most sought after.

Structural Engineers : Design all types of structures, bridges, building, dams, tunnels, tanks, power plants, tansmission line towers, offshore drilling platforms and space satellites. Their primary responsibility is to analyze the forces that a structure would encounter and develop a design to withstand those forces.

Transportation Engineers: are concerned with the safe and efficient movement of both people and goods. They thus play key roles in the design of high ways and streets, harbours and ports, mass transit systems, airports and railroads.

Environmental Engineers: are responsible for controlling preventing and elimination air, water and land pollution. To these ends, they are typically involved in the design and operation of water distribution systems, water treatment facilities, sewage treatment plants, garbage disposal systems, air quality control programmes recycling and reclamation projects, toxic waste clean up projects and pesticide control programmes.

Water sources: is an engineering specialty focused on water related problems and issues. The work of engineers in this area includes the operation of water availability an delivery systems, the evaluation of potential new water sources, harbor and river development, floor control, irrigation and drainage projects, coastal protection and the construction and maintenance of hydroelectric power facilities.

Geo-technical Engineers: analyze the properties of soil and rocks over which structures and facilities are built. Their work is thus vital to the design and contraction of earth structures(dams and levees), foundation and buildings, offshore platforms, tunnels and drams.

Construction Engineers: Use both technical and management skills to plan and build facilities such as buildings, bridges, tunnels and dams. They are generally responsible for such projects from start of finish: estimating construction costs, determining equipment and personnel needs, supervising the construction, and once completed, operating the facility until the client assumes responsibility.

Computer Engineering : This is arguably the hottest branch with a wide number of opportunities in India and abroad. The only field where A.P. graduates are accepted as top class globally.

On one side is Computer Sciences, primarily concerned with theory, design and implementation of software. It is a true engineering discipline, even though the product is a intangible computer programme. On the other side is Computer Engineering, primarily concerned with firmware (the micro code that controls processors) and hardware(the processors themselves, as well as entire computers).

The primary technical areas that Computer Engineers are involved with are: Digital system ‘s computer architecture, parallel and distributed computing, software engineering, algorithms, programming languages, compilers, operating systems, computer networks, artificial intelligence, image processing, natural language processing and bio-metrics.

Chemical Engineering: If you are innovative and like processes, there is nothing like this branch for you. Chemical Engineers combine their engineering training with knowledge of chemistry to transform the laboratory work of chemists into commercial realities. They are most frequently involved in designing and operating chemical production and manufacturing facilities that use chemicals. The work of chemical Engineers can be seen in a wide variety of products that affect our daily lives, including plastics, building materials, food products, pharmaceuticals, synthetic rubber, synthetic fibers and petroleum products.

Bio-technology: It is the most happening branch of the new millennium. If you can go through the hassles of learning any number of new subjects, this branch may be the most suitable one. While technology generally aims to create tools to empower man, bio-technology aims to change man himself, to better equip him to the changing world.

Bio-technology is the application of advances made in the biological sciences, especially involving the science of genetics. The advent of G.M.(Genetically Manipulated) seeds has brought a revolution in Agriculture. Bio-technology has helped improve food quality ,quantity and processing. It also has applications in manufacturing, where simple cells and proteins can be manipulated to produce chemicals. But biro-technology is most important for is application sin health and medicine. Though genetic engineering the controlled alteration of genetic material-scientists have been able to create new medicines such as synthetic Insulin. Bio-Informatics helps to create huge genome databases, an example of wide applications of computers in bio-technology.

Engineering job functions: another way to understand the engineering profession is to examine engineers from the perspective of the work they do or the job functions they perform .For example , an electrical engineer could also be referred to as a design engineer , a Test Engineer , Test Engineer or a Development Engineer, depending of the nature of his or her work .

Engineering job functions: another way to understand the engineering profession is to examine engineers from the perspective of the work they do or the job functions they perform .For example , an electrical engineer could also be referred to as a design engineer , a Test Engineer , Test Engineer or a Development Engineer, depending of the nature of his or her work .

Following is brief description of main engineering functions:

Analysis: The analytical engineer is primarily involved in the mathematical model of physical problems .

Design: The Design Engineer converts concepts and information into detail plans and specifications that dictate the development and manufacture of the product.

Test: The Test Engineer irresponsible for developing and conducting tests to verify that a selected design or new product meets all specifications.

Development: The Development Engineer, as the title indicates, is involved in the development of the products , systems or processes.

Sales: The Sales Engineer liaisons between the company and the customer. He must be technically proficient in order to understand the product itself and the customers needs.

Research: Research Engineers are interested in ways to apply the knowledge to engineering practices and principles.

Management: If you are successful as an engineer and have strong leadership skills, within a few years of graduation, you could very well move into management. Opportunities exist primarily in two areas: Line Management and Project Management.

Consulting:The work of the consulting engineer differs from that of all other engineers. A Consulting Engineer performs services for a client on a contractual basis.

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