Today In History

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Today In History
  November 18th
 
Events
 
1493 - Christopher Columbus goes ashore on an island he first saw the day before. He names it San Juan Bautista (later renamed Puerto Rico).
1794 - The United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain sign Jay's Treaty, which attempts to clear up some of the lingering problems left over from the American Revolutionary War.
1816 - Warsaw University is established.
1847 - The second Canadian railway line, the Montreal and Lachine Railway, is opened.
1850 - Alfred Lord Tennyson becomes Poet Laureate, a position he held until his death in 1892.
1863 - American Civil War: Union President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address at the military cemetery dedication ceremony in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
1881 - A meteorite lands near the village of Großliebenthal, southwest of Odessa, Ukraine.
1916 - Samuel Goldfish (later renamed Samuel Goldwyn) and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Company (the company later became one of the most successful independent filmmakers.)
1924 - In Los Angeles, California, famous silent film director Thomas Ince ("The Father of the Western") dies of a heart attack in his bed (rumors soon surface that he was shot dead by publishing tycoon William Randolph Hearst.)
1941 - World War II: Battle between HMAS Sydney and HSK Kormoran. The two ships sink each other off the coast of Western Australia, with the loss of 645 Australians and about 77 German seamen.
1942 - World War II: Battle of Stalingrad - Soviet Union forces under General Georgy Zhukov launch the Operation Uranus counterattacks at Stalingrad, turning the tide of the battle in the USSR's favor.
1944 - World War II: US President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling US$14 billion in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.
1946 - Afghanistan, Iceland and Sweden join the United Nations.
1954 - Sammy Davis, Jr., loses his left eye in an automobile accident in San Bernardino, California.
1959 - Ford Motor Company announces the discontinuation of the unpopular Edsel.
1961 - Michael Rockefeller, son of New York governor Nelson Rockefeller, disappears in the jungles near Atsj, Papua New Guinea.
1967 - The Establishment of TVB, the first wireless commercial television station in Hong Kong.
1969 - Apollo program: Apollo 12 astronauts Charles Conrad and Alan Bean land at Oceanus Procellarum ("Ocean of Storms") and become the third and fourth humans to walk on the Moon.
1969 - Mohawk Airlines Flight 411 crashes into Pilot Knob Mountain, killing all 14 on-board.
1970 - The IBM 1620 is withdrawn from the market.
1973 - American football player Lance Rentzel is arrested for exposing himself to a 10-year-old girl; he is later sentenced to five years' probation.
1977 - Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, when he meets with Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and speaks before the Knesset in Jerusalem, seeking a permanent peace settlement.
1977 - Transportes Aereos Portugueses Boeing 727 crashes in Madeira islands killing 130
1978 - Jim Jones leads members of his Peoples Temple cult in mass murder-suicide. The bodies of 914 people, including 276 children, were found in Jonestown,Guyana in South America.
1979 - Iran hostage crisis: Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini orders the release of 13 female and black American hostages being held at the US Embassy in Tehran.
1984 - A series of explosions at the PEMEX petroleum storage facility at San Juan Ixhuatepec in Mexico City ignites a major fire and kills about 500 people.
1985 - Cold War: In Geneva, US President Ronald Reagan and Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for the first time.
1985 - Pennzoil wins a US$10.53 billion verdict against Texaco, in the largest civil verdict in U.S. history, stemming from Texaco's establishing a signed contract to buy Getty Oil after Pennzoil had entered into an unsigned, yet still binding, buyout contract with Getty.
1987 - Prince Edward III rescues 47 Africans from their abusive village in Congo, and presents them to his kingdom as free workers for the villages.
1990 - Pop group Milli Vanilli are stripped of their Grammy Award because the duo did not sing at all on the Girl You Know It’s True album. Session musicians had provided all the vocals.
1994 - In Britain, the first National Lottery draw was held. A £1 ticket gives a one-in-14-million chance of correctly guessing the winning six out of 49 numbers.
1996 - Lt. Gen. Maurice Baril of Canada arrives in Africa to lead the multi national force in Zaire.
1997 - In Des Moines, Iowa, Bobbi McCaughey gives birth to septuplets in the second known case where all seven babies were born alive.
1998 - Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee begins impeachment hearings against US President Bill Clinton.
1998 - Vincent van Gogh's Portrait of the Artist Without Beard sells at auction for US$71.5 million.
1999 - Shenzhou 1: The People's Republic of China launches its first Shenzhou spacecraft.
1999 - In Istanbul, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe ends a two-day summit by calling for a political settlement in Chechnya and adopting a Charter for European Security.
1999 - John Carpenter became the first contestant to win $1,000,000 U.S.D. on Who Wants to Be a Millionaire.
2004 - A brawl breaks out between Detroit Pistons and Indiana Pacers players during their game at The Palace of Auburn Hills; the brawl turns into an even larger fight between Pacers players and Pistons fans.
2005 - US Marines allegedly commit a massacre on 24 citizens in the town of Haditha in Iraq.
 
Births
 
1464 - Emperor Go-Kashiwabara of Japan (d. 1526)
1563 - Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English statesman (d. 1626)
1600 - King Charles I of England (d. 1649)
1600 - Leo Aitzema, Dutch historian and statesman (d. 1669)
1617 - Eustache Le Sueur, French painter (d. 1655)
1700 - Jean-Antoine Nollet, French abbot and physicist (d. 1770)
1711 - Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian writer and polymath (d. 1765)
1722 - Leopold Auenbrugger, Austrian physician (d. 1809)
1722 - Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania (d. 1810)
1752 - George Rogers Clark, American military leader (d. 1818)
1805 - Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat and Suez Canal engineer (d. 1894)
1831 - James A. Garfield, 20th President of the United States (d. 1881)
1833 - Wilhelm Dilthey, German philosopher (d. 1911)
1835 - Rani Lakshmi Bai, Indian Queen (d. 1858)
1843 - Richard Avenarius, German philosopher (d. 1896)
1859 - Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov, Russian composer (d. 1935)
1862 - Billy Sunday, American evangelist (d. 1935)
1875 - Mikhail I. Kalinin, President of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (d. 1946)
1876 - Tatyana Alexeyevna Afanasyeva, Russian mathematician (d. 1964)
1883 - Ned Sparks, Canadian actor (d. 1957)
1887 - James B. Sumner, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955)
1888 - José Raúl Capablanca, Cuban chess player (d. 1942)
1889 - Clifton Webb, American actor (d. 1966)
1893 - René Voisin, French classical trumpet player (d. 1952)
1895 - Louise Dahl-Wolfe, American photographer (d. 1989)
1896 - Georgy Zhukov, Russian general (d. 1974)
1897 - Quentin Roosevelt, son of United States President Theodore Roosevelt (d. 1918)
1898 - Arthur R. von Hippel, German-born physicist (d. 2003)
1899 - Allen Tate, American poet and critic (d. 1979)
1900 - Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian scientist (d. 1980)
1900 - Anna Seghers, German writer (d. 1983)
1900 - Bunny Ahearne, Irish ice hockey promoter (d. 1985)
1905 - Tommy Dorsey, American bandleader (d. 1956)
1907 - Jack Schaefer, American author (d. 1991)
1909 - Peter Drucker, American management theorist (d. 2005)
1912 - George Emil Palade, Romanian cell biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1915 - Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr., American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
1917 - Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India (d. 1984)
1919 - Alan Young, British-born American actor (Mister Ed)
1920 - Gene Tierney, American actress (d. 1991)
1921 - Roy Campanella, baseball player (d. 1993)
1921 - Peter Ruckman, American Baptist minister
1922 - Yuri Knorosov, Russian epigrapher (d. 1999)
1924 - William Russell, British actor
1926 - Jeane Kirkpatrick, U. S. Ambassador to the United Nations
1929 - Slavko Avsenik, Slovenian musician
1929 - Norman Cantor, Canadian medieval scholar (d. 2004)
1933 - Larry King, American television interviewer
1935 - Bob Gibson, baseball player
1935 - Rashad Khalifa, Egyptian imam (d. 1990)
1935 - Jack Welch, American businessman
1936 - Dick Cavett, American talk show host
1936 - Yuan T. Lee, Taiwanese-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1938 - Ted Turner, American businessman
1939 - Tom Harkin, U.S. Senator
1941 - Dan Haggerty, American actor
1942 - Calvin Klein, American clothing designer
1942 - Sharon Olds, American poet
1943 - Aurelio Monteagudo, Cuban-born Major League Baseball player (d. 1990)
1947 - Bob Boone, baseball player and manager
1947 - Lamar S. Smith, American politician
1949 - Ahmad Rashad, American football player and sportscaster
1951 - Zeenat Aman, Miss Asia Pacific in 1970 & Famous Muslim Indian Actress
1951 - Lord Falconer of Thoroton, British lawyer and politician
1953 - Robert Beltran, American actor
1953 - Tom Villard, American actor (d. 1994)
1955 - Ludwig Trossaert, Gallery owner - Belgian Modern & Contemporary Art
1956 - Ann Curry, American journalist
1957 - Ofra Haza, Israeli singer (d. 2000)
1958 - Michael Wilbon, Sports Analyst
1959 - Allison Janney, American actress
1960 - Elizabeth Hulette, American professional wrestling manager and valet (d. 2003)
1961 - Meg Ryan, American actress
1962 - Jodie Foster, American actress
1963 - Terry Farrell, American actress
1963 - Jon Potter, British field hockey player
1965 - Laurent Blanc, French footballer
1966 - Gail Devers, American athlete
1966 - Rocco DiSpirito, American chef
1966 - Jason Scott Lee, American actor
1969 - Terrence Carson, American actor
1970 - Justin Chancellor, English bassist (Tool)
1972 - Sandrine Holt, Canadian actress
1973 - Savion Glover, American choreographer, actor, and dancer
1975 - Sushmita Sen, Indian beauty queen and actress
1976 - Jun Shibata, Japanese singer and songwriter
1978 - Věra Pospíšilová-Cechlová, Czech athlete
1979 - Ryan Howard, American baseball player
1979 - Larry Johnson, American football player
1979 - Leam Richardson, English footballer
1985 - Chris Eagles, British footballer
1997 - McCaughey septuplets, American septuplets
 
Deaths
 
1154 - Adélaide de Maurienne, wife of Louis VI of France (b. 1092)
1305 - John II, Duke of Brittany (b. 1239)
1559 - Cuthbert Tunstall, English churchman (b. 1474)
1590 - George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, English statesman (b. 1528)
1724 - Bartolomeu de Gusmão, Portuguese naturalist (b. 1685)
1785 - Louis Philip I, Duke of Orléans, French soldier and writer (b. 1725)
1797 - Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder and merchant (b. 1719)
1814 - William Jessop, British civil engineer (b. 1745)
1886 - Chester A. Arthur, 21st President of the United States (b. 1829)
1889 - William Allingham, Irish author
1922 - Marcel Proust, French novelist (b. 1871)
1941 - Walther Nernst, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1864)
1941 - Chris Watson, third Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1867)
1952 - Paul Eluard, French poet (b. 1895)
1962 - Niels Bohr, Danish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
1965 - Henry A. Wallace, Vice President of the United States (b. 1888)
1967 - Luis Somoza Debayle, Nicaraguan president (b. 1922)
1969 - Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., American politician (b. 1888)
1976 - Man Ray, American artist (b. 1890)
1978 - Jim Jones, American cult leader suicide (b. 1931)
1978 - Leo Ryan, U.S. Congressman (b. 1905)
1979 - Freddie Fitzsimmons, baseball player (b. 1901)
1980 - Conn Smythe, NHL coach 1927-1931 (b. 1895)
1982 - Duk Koo Kim, Korean boxer (b. 1959)
1984 - Mary Hamman, American writer and editor, modern living editor LIFE and eidtor in chief Bride & Home (b. 1907)
1986 - Gia Carangi, American model AIDS (b. 1960)
1987 - Jacques Anquetil, French cyclist cancer (b. 1934)
1991 - Gustáv Husák, President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1913)
1994 - Cab Calloway, American bandleader (b. 1907)
1999 - Paul Bowles, American novelist (b. 1910)
2002 - James Coburn, American actor (b. 1928)
2003 - Michael Kamen, American composer (b. 1948)
 
 
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