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Important Days Current Affairs November 3rd Week 2020
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Important Days Current Affairs November 3rd Week 2020

World Children`s Day is Observed on 20 November:

The World Children’s Day is celebrated on November 20 every year to promote international solidarity and awareness of children around the world and improve the welfare of children. 

Highlights:

♦ November 20 is an important day because The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child in 1959. The United Nations General Assembly passed the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989.

♦ In order to commemorate the 31st anniversary of the founding of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) launched the “Going Blue” campaign. The Indian Parliament is also part of the Parliament.

♦ India celebrates Children’s Day on November 14 every year. India ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1992.

♦ The mortality rate of children under the age of 5 has dropped significantly from 117 per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 39 in 2016. The number of children receiving drinking water increased from 62% in 1992 to 92% in 2019.

♦ The National Child Policy of 2013 was passed to confirm the government’s commitment to a rights-based approach to the ongoing challenges in the situation of children.

♦ In the same period, the "Right to Education Act 2009" increased the primary school enrollment rate of girls from 61% to almost universal.

♦ According to the 2006 Prohibition of Child Marriage Law, the prevalence of child marriage dropped from 47% in 2005-2006 to girls before the age of 18, and to 27% in 2015-2016.

♦ Through innovative programs and methods such as Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao, Child-Friendly Schools, Children`s Budget and POSHAN Abhiyan, the state and federal governments are ensuring that children receive appropriate protection and opportunities for growth and development.

♦ The theme of International children day 2020 is, ” Investing in our future means investing in our children”.

Convention on the Rights of the Child:

 

It is a treaty adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1989. According to the "Convention", everyone under the age of 18 is considered a child. It stipulates the racial, political, economic, social and cultural rights of every child, regardless of race, religion or ability. It includes the right to education, the right to rest and leisure, and the right to protect against mental or physical abuse (including rape and sexual exploitation). This is the widely ratified human rights treaty in the world.

World Toilet Day is observed on 19th November

Every year, November 19th is World Toilet Day. World Toilet Day is the United Nations Day of Remembrance, which aims to celebrate toilets and raise awareness of the 4.2 billion people who do not have safe sanitation facilities.

Highlights:

♦ World Toilet Day involves taking action to respond to the global health crisis and achieving Sustainable Development Goal 6: water and sanitation for all by 2030.

♦ The theme of World Toilet Day 2020: Sustainable Sanitation and Climate Change. 2013 is the first official World Toilet Day.

♦ One-third of the people on this planet still cannot use clean and safe toilets; 1,000 children die every day due to poor sanitation; better sanitation can improve nutrition and health, especially for women and children In terms of.

 

♦ In India, Jal Shakti (Jal Shakti) Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS) led the "Swachi Bharat Mission-Glayen (SBMG)" commemorative event to improve people’s safety Awareness of sanitation and promotion of the major contributions of various regions to Swachhata.

Foundation Day Celebrations at NIPER-Hyderabad:

NIPER - National Institutes of Pharmaceutical Education and Research celebrated its 14th Foundation day in Hyderabad on November 10, 2020. NIPER-Hyderabad has secured 5th position in ‘Pharmacy’ category under National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) 2020.
 
Highlights:
♦ NIPERs are organizations of national significance under the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, GOI. 
♦ NIPERs are autonomous foundations engaged with advanced education, innovative work in the drug sciences. 
♦ The first NIPER was set up in Mohali in 1998. 
♦ As of now, there are seven such NIPERs in Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Hajipur, Guwahati and Rae Bareli. The six were set up in 2007. 
♦ NIPER is an individual from the Association of Indian Universities and the Association of Commonwealth Universities. 
♦ Thrust areas for research of the organizations incorporate tuberculosis, jungle fever, diabetes, Leishmaniasis and immunomodulation.

 


 

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