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Important Days Current Affairs November 2nd Week 2020
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Important Days Current Affairs November 2nd Week 2020

National Cancer Awareness Day is on 7th November:

National Cancer Awareness Day is observed on November 07 every year in India. The National Cancer Awareness Day is celebrated to generate awareness about cancer prevention and early detection.
 
Highlights:
♦ The National Cancer Awareness Day is closely connected to the scientist Madame Curie`s birth anniversary.
♦ Marie Curie, a scientist, is recognised for her invention of radium and polonium (radioactive materials), as well as for her involvement to cancer control.
♦ Marie Curie`s work led to the creation of radiotherapy and nuclear energy for cancer treatment. On November 07, 2014 in India, the 1st National Cancer Awareness Day was recognised.
♦ Cancer is the 2nd leading cause of death worldwide in 2018, according to the WHO (World Health Organization), there were approximately 18 million cases worldwide, of which 1.5 million came mostly from India.
♦ In 2018, there were about 0.8 million deaths from cancer in India, comparison to 9.5 million worldwide. It is estimated that the number of new cancer cases in India will double by 2040. Around 1.1 million new cases are reported in India every year.
♦ Nearly two-thirds of cases are only diagnosed at an advanced stage, reducing the likelihood of survival for patients. It is estimated that one woman in India dies of cervical cancer every 8 minutes.
♦ Tobacco use accounted for 3,17,928 deaths (approx) in men and women in 2018.
♦ Oral cavity cancers and lungs cancers account for over 25% of deaths in males and breast cancer and oral cavity cancer account for 25% cancers in females.
♦ To provide cancer treatment facilities in the country, the National Cancer Control Program was established in 1975. In 1984-85, it was enacted to provide a motivation for cancer early detection and prevention.

National Legal Services Day is on 9th November

 
The National Legal Services Day is observed on 9th November annually to spread awareness for ensuring reasonable fair and justice procedure for all citizens.
 
Highlights:
♦ National Legal Services Day (NLSD) was first begun by the Supreme Court of India in 1995 to give assistance and backing to poor and more vulnerable segments of the general public.
♦ Free legitimate administrations are given in issues before Civil, Criminal and Revenue Courts, Tribunals or some other power practising legal or semi-legal capacities.
♦ Article 39A of the Constitution gives that State will make sure about that the activity of the overall set of laws advances equity on a premise of equivalent chance, and will specifically, give a free lawful guide, by appropriate enactment or plans or in some other manner, to guarantee that open doors for making sure about equity are not denied to any resident by reason of financial or another inability.
♦ Articles 14 and 22(1) likewise make it mandatory for the State to guarantee uniformity under the watchful eye of law and an overall set of laws which advances equity on a premise of equivalent occasion to all.
Destinations of Legal Services Authorities are:
-Give free legitimate guide and counsel.
-Spread legitimate mindfulness.
-Coordinate lok adalats.
-Advance settlements of debates through Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Mechanisms. Different sorts of ADR components are Arbitration, Conciliation, Judicial settlement including settlement through Lok Adalat, or Mediation.
-Give remuneration to survivors of wrongdoing.
Lawful Services Institutions that offering Free Legal Types of assistance:
National Level: National Legal Services Authority. The National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) was established under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987. The Chief Justice of the nation is the Patron-in-Chief.  
State Level:  It is going by the Chief Justice of the High Court of the state who is its Patron-in-Chief.
District Level: District Legal Services Authority. The District Judge is its ex-officio Chairman.  
Sub-Division/Taluka Level: Sub-Divisional/Taluka Legal Services Committee. It is by a senior Civil Judge. 
High Court: High Court Legal Services Committee  
High Court: Supreme Court Legal Services Committee

 

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