10th Class English Chapter 1A Attitude is Altitude Textbook Questions and Answers
Look at the pictures and answer the questions
Question 1.What qualities have made these persons great?
Answer:The persons in the above pictures are Sudha Chandran, Stephen Hawking and Helen Keller.
Sudha Chandran is an accomplished Bharatanatyam dancer, Indian film and television actress, who showed great courage even though she had lost her leg in an accident
Stephen Hawking is one of the famous scientists. Despite his debilitating illness, he has done ground-breaking work in physics
Helen Keller overcame the adversity of being blind and deaf to become one of the 20th century leading humanitarians.
These three great persons showed that anything can be done, if one tries hard enough. From their lives, it is understood that one need not lose hope. Their lives show us that disability need not prevent one from reaching great heights. The qualities such as grit, determination, confidence, will power, dedication, discipline, etc. have made these persons great
Question 2.What qualities do you think a person requires to become successful ?
Answer:The qualities a person requires to become successful are determination, dedication, discipline, grit, courage, faith, positive thinking, responsibility, hard work, commitment, desire, persistence, good character, etc. These qualities make a person highly successful
I. Answer the following questions
Question 1.I call it my chicken drumstick, joked Nick. What does it refer to? How does it help him ?
Answer: It refers to the small foot that Nick has on his left hip. It helps him balance and enables him to kick. Nick uses his one foot to type, write with a pen and pick things up between his toes
Question 2.His parents decided not to send him to a special school. Was Nick happy about his parents decision? Why or why not? What do you think about this decision?
Answer:Nick was not happy with his parents decision because there might be the risk of bullying. His companions at mainstream school might tease him.
But later, he realised that his parents decision was the best one. I think that this decision was the best one his parents could have made for him as he was able to achieve a degree in Financial Planning and Real Estate. The decision made him independent
Question 3.How did Nick parents help him to become independent?
Answer:Right from the start Nick parents did their best to make him independent. His father put Nick in the water at 18 months and gave him the courage to learn how to swim. He encouraged Nick to get into football and skating. He taught Nick how to type with his toe at just six years old. Nick mother invented a special plastic device that meant Nick could hold a pen and pencil. Despite the risk of bullying, Nick parents insisted on his attending mainstream school
Question 4.Pick out the symptoms of Nick depression. Do you think his depression was normal or something unique about him? Give reasons for your opinion?
Answer:Nick was deeply depressed when he was eight years old. When he was in depression, he went to his mother crying and told her that he wanted to kill himself. He felt cold and bitter. He hated God for doing this to him. He was terrified about his future without his parents. At age ten Nick tried to drown himself in the bath. These were the symptoms of Nick depression. I think his depression was normal. Any human being born like Nick might have the same depression
Question 5.Which incident in this text is funny? What makes it funny?
Answer:Once Nick was in a car and a girl at traffic lights was looking at him interestingly. She could only see Nick head so he decided to do a 360 in the car seat to freak her out. When she saw the torso, she sped off really quickly. This is the funny incident in the text. The idea of Nick showing the girl his torso makes the scene funny
Question 6.What made Nick choose Bethany Hamilton as his teacher to learn surfing?
Answer:Nick went to Hawaii in 2008 and met surfing master Bethany Hamilton. She had her arm bitten off by a shark when she was 12. Nick chose Bethany Hamilton as she too was a disabled person and still she performed surfing very well. Though she had no arm she did well. As a disabled person, she could know how a disabled person could learn how to surf. She could know the psychological condition of a disabled person
Question 7.Which aspect of Nick physical condition helps him to do a 360 degree spin?
Answer:Nick has a very low centre of gravity so he has got pretty good balance. This condition helps Nick to do 360 degree spin
Question 8.What are the distinct features of this text? List them?
- It is an autobiography.
- Varied sentences are used.
- Ideas are arranged in a logical sequence.
- Emotive and persuasive language is used.
- Ideas are exemplified very well.
- Cohesion is found in the text. The sentences are connected with proper linkers.
- Unity of ideas is maintained for coherence. The sentences are connected in a clear and reasonable way.
- Certain quotations and examples are given.
- Proper introduction, development and conclusion are ensured.
- The ideas are given formally and precisely.
- As far as the content is concerned, it touches the emotions of a reader.
- The content is message-oriented.
- Physical description of the main character is given properly.
- The main character attitudes, likes, dislikes, strengths and weaknesses are given effectively.
Question 9.What do you learn from the life of Nick Vujicic? ?
Answer:Nick Vujicic uses his life story to inspire people of all around the world. From the life of Nick, we learn that if we fail, we should try again and again until we succeed. Nick shows us that anything can be done, if we try hard enough. Undoubtedly, I feel that his life is a source of inspiration to everyone of us. He has been able to do all these because of his faith, hope, perseverance and strong will power. Nick proves that disability need not prevent one from reaching great heights. Hence I learn that we shouldnt lose our faith and hope under any circumstances
II. Given below are some of the statements made by Nick Vujicic. Which of these are substantiated by Nick life
- I realised why God had made us like this - to give hope to others.
- I wanted to concentrate on something good that / had.
- I tell people to keep on getting up when they fall and to always love themselves.
- If I can encourage just one person, then my job in this life is done.
I think all the above statements are substantiated by Nick life.
- I realised why God had made us like this - to give hope to others:
When Nick was 13, he read a newspaper article about a disabled man who had managed to achieve great things and help others. Nick was inspired very much by the disabled man mentioned in the article. He got a hope from him. Then he decided to use his life to encourage others and give them hope.
- I wanted to concentrate on something good that I had:
Nick was not discouraged with his disability. He knew that he had no arms and legs but he thought that they would never take away the beauty of his eyes. With his positive approach, he thought that his eyes were very good ones for him. He wanted to love his positive qualities such as faith, will power and perseverance. Further, he was quite satisfied with what he had, i.e. a small foot on his left hip. He said he would be lost with it.
- I tell people to keep on getting up when they fall and to always love themselves: If Nick fails, he tries again and again until he succeeds. When Nick was learning how to surf, he was terrified at first but later he did very well. Though he has no limbs, he always loves himself. I know this by his statement, "I decided to be thankful for what I do have, not get angry about what I dont."
- If I can encourage just one person, then my job in this life is done:
This statement was substantiated by Nick aptly. He encouraged many people in the world. He used his life story to inspire others. He made many people realise their inner beauty and personality. He was able to rise many people from the state of despair to the state of great hope.
I. Look at the list of adjectives in the box. Which of them describe Nick Vujicic. Tick (?) them
- positive: hopeful and confident
- negative: harmful, unpleasant or not wanted
- optimistic: believing that good things will happen In the future
- pessimistic: expecting that bad things will happen in the future
- generous: willing to give money, spend time, etc. in order to help people or give them pleasure
- nervous: worried or frightened about something
- confident: sure that something will happen in the way that you want or expect
- smart: fashionable, clever
- sociable: friendly and enjoys being with other people
- cowardly: not at all brave
- courageous: brave
- reliable: dependable
- Independent: confident and able to do things by oneself in ones own way
- dependent: needing someone or something in order to exist, be successful, be healthy, etc.
- obedient: always doing what one is told to do
- trusting: willing to believe that other people are good and honest
- valiant: very brave in difficult situation
- self-centred: paying so much attention to oneself that one doesnt notice what is happening
- arrogant: behaving in an unpleasant or rude way
- sarcastic: saying things that are the opposite of what one means, in order to make an unkind joke
- quarrelsome: one who quarrels a lot with people
- rude: not polite and annoys others
- creative: good at using imagination to make things
- stubborn: determined not to change one mind when people think one is being unreasonable
- lazy: not making any effort to do anything
- pompous: trying to seem magnificent or very important; fond of display, acting too proudly, self-important.
- level-headed: sensible in making judgements
Pick out from the text the examples that support these attributes
| Example from the text
|In spite of his disability he has become great
| He always thinks, "If I fail, I try again, and again, and again. If I can encourage just one person, then my job is done."
| He spends most of his time delivering motivational speeches all over the world
| Though he has no limbs, he gains faith and hope and tries to give them to others
| He appears to be smart and shows his cleverness in learning things
| He enjoys being with others by delivering speeches, playing football, golf, surfing, etc.
| Despite the absence of his limbs, he didnt get discouraged. With great courage, he tries again and again and becomes a football player, a swimmer and a surfer
|He is the most reliable person. As an Evangelical Christian he has faith and gives the same to others with his motivational speeches. The people believe his reliability and are attracted towards him
| He independently has done the things what he has wanted to do. e.g.: Playing football and golf, swimming, surfing, delivering speeches, etc
| He seems to be obedient in accepting the unlucky birth.
| With great determination, he has reached a great position in his life. He becomes an international symbol of triumph over adversity.
| He also plays golf with a club tucked under his chin
| He judges well when he says, "The challenges in our lives are there to strengthen our convictions. They are not there to run us over."
II. Given below are words that describe the positive or negative attitude of a person. Discuss them with your partner and put a tick (?) against the positive qualities and a cross (?) against the negative qualities?
- sullen: angry and silent (negative quality)
- sneaky: doing things in a secret and dishonest way (negative quality)
- exuberant: happy and full of energy and excitement (positive quality)
- bossy: always telling other people what to do in a way that is annoying (negative quality)
- cautious: careful to avoid danger or risk (positive quality)
- aggressive: behaving in an angry threatening way (negative quality)
- competitive: determined or trying very hard to he more successful than other people (positive quality)
- finicky: too concerned with unimportant details and small things that you like or dislike (negative quality)
- imaginative: good at thinking of new and interesting ideas (positive quality)
- observant: good or quick at noticing things (positive quality)
- enthusiastic: showing a lot of interest and excitement about something (positive quality)
- outgoing: someone who Is outgoing likes to meet and talk to new people (positive quality)
- haughty: behaving in a proud. unfriendly way (negative quality)
- intrepid: willing to do dangerous things; fearless, brave (positive quality)
- malicious: very unkind and cruel and is trying to do harm to others (negative quality)
- meticulous: very careful about small details and always makes sure that everything isdone correctly (positive quality)
- slovenly: lazy untidy and careless (negative quality)
- obnoxious: very offensive, unpleasant or rude (negative quality)
- stingy: not generous. especially with money (negative quality)
- Idealistic: believing that one should live according to high standards and principles, even when they are very difficult to achieve (positive quality)
- affable: friendly and easy to talk to (positive quality)
- logical: reasonable and sensible (positive quality)
- mean: cruel (negative quality)
- cultured: intelligent, polite and interested in art, literature, music etc. (positive quality)
III. Tick (?) the word/expression which is nearest in meaning to the word underlined in each sentence given below
1. Water sports arent Nick only thing - he also plays golf with a dub tucked under his chin?
2. His distraught mother couldnt bring herself to hold him until he was four months old?
3. Despite the risk of bullying, his parents insisted on Nick attending mainstream school?
4. Nick, who was teased and bullied, had an electric wheelchair for mobility, and a team of carers to help him?
5. Nick managed to pull through to become an international symbol of triumph over adversity?
6. The challenges in our lives are there to strengthen our convictions?
IV. Read the following descriptions about persons and fill in the blanks with the words that match with these descriptions
| Points to be covered
| Details of the person
|Date and place of birth
| January 8,1942, Oxford, England
| Information about the family
. Eldest one of four sons
. Mother: Isobel Hawking
. Father: Frank Hawking, a medical researcher with a speciality in tropical diseases
| Important events in life
|Early academic life: recognized as a bright student
. High school years: third from the bottom of his class
. Pursuits outside of school: loved board games, constructed a computer out of recycled parts at the age of 16, solved rudimentary mathematical equations
. Marriage: married Jane Wilde
. Health: Suffered from Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
. Research: on black holes
. Discovery: Hawking Radiation
|Awards, prizes, honours
| Fellow of the Royal Society at the age of 32
. Albert Einstein Award.
. The Pius XI- Gold Medal for Science from Pope Paul VI in 1975
| Contribution to his field and society
| Contributed to the advancement of science and research
Biographical Sketch of Stephen Hawking
Stephen William Hawking is one of the greatest scientists of the world. He was born at Oxford in England on 8 January, 1942 to Isobel Hawking and Frank Hawking. He was the eldest of four sons. His father, Frank Hawking, was a medical researcher with a speciality in tropical diseases
Hawking was recognised as a bright student. But he was not initially successful academically. During his high school years, Stephen stood the third from the bottom of his class
Hawking used to remain with a close group of friends with whom he enjoyed board games, the manufacture of fireworks, model aeroplanes and boats. With the help of the mathematics teacher, Dickran Tahta, Hawking and his companions built a computer from clock parts, an old telephone switchboard and other recycled components when he was 16. Hawking solved rudimentary mathematical equations
He married Jane Wilde on 14 July, 1965. The first years after their marriage were hectic. Hawking has achieved many things in the field of science in spite of his prolonged illness. He has been suffering from an incurable disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) which has weakened his muscles since he was 17 years old
Stephen Hawking is known for his work regarding black holes and for authoring several popular science books. In 1974, Hawking research turned him into a celebrity within the scientific world when he showed that black holes are not the information vacuums that scientists had thought they were. In simple terms, Hawking demonstrated that matter, in the form of radiation, can escape the gravitational force of a collapsed star. Thus Hawking Radiation was invented
As a mark of his eminence, Professor Hawking obtained twelve honorary degrees which he deserved. He was named a Fellow of the Royal Society at the age of 32, and later earned the prestigious Albert Einstein Award. In 1975, Hawking journeyed to Rome, where he was honoured with the Pius XI - Gold Medal for science from Pope Paul VI in 1975
Attitude is Altitude Summary in English
This is the story of a great person, Nicholas James Nick Vujicic, who stands as an inspiration to other people with his great qualities-faith, will power and perseverance- even though he is a disabled person. His disability has not stopped him from doing what he has wanted to do. Nick Vujicic was born on 4 December 1982 in Melbourne, Australia with a rare disability called Phocomelia characterised by the absence of all four limbs. Despite the absence of his limbs, he plays football and golf, swims and surfs. He is an Australian Christian evangelist and motivational speaker. As a child, he struggled mentally and emotionally as well as physically. It was a shock to Nick parents that he was born without limbs. His mother was a nurse and his father was a computer programmer and accountant. His parents did their very best when they decided to send him to mainstream school despite the risk of humiliation
Nick has a small foot on his left hip. It gives him balance and enables him to kick. With his foot, he writes with a pen and picks things up between his toes. He also plays golf with a heavy stick tucked under his chin. He is a huge fan of the English Premier League. His parents did their best to make him independent from the start. His father gave him the courage to learn how to swim by putting him in water at 18 months. His mother invented a special plastic device to enable him to hold a pen and pencil
At age eight, Nick was deeply depressed and went to his mother crying. He told her that he wanted to kill himself. When he was ten years old, he decided to end his life by drowning himself in a bathtub but luckily he was unsuccessful in his attempt. When Nick was 13, he was inspired when he read about a disabled man who had managed to achieve great things and helped others. He understood that God had given him the life to give hope to others and so he decided to use his life to encourage other people and give them the courage. He believes that challenges strengthen our opinions. With the help of his religion, friends and family, Nick becomes an international symbol of triumph over adversity. Nick won the Australian Young Citizen of the Year award in 1990 for his bravery and perseverance. His persistence made him achieve a degree in Financial Planning and Real Estate. He went to Hawaii in 2008 and was trained in surfing by Bethany Hamilton. Nick was on the cover of Surfer magazine with his feat of doing the 360 degree spins. He is able to do this feat because of his low centre of gravity.
Nick and Kanae Miyahara, whose mother was a Mexican and father was a Japanese, got married on February 12, 2012 and on February 13, 2013 they were blessed with the birth of a healthy baby boy with full body
Nick has travelled to over 24 countries speaking to groups of up to 110,000 people. He keeps telling the people to keep on getting up when they fall and to always love themselves. He spreads his messages of faith and hope around the world
Nick uses his story to inspire and inform people all around the world. Nick presents values, principles, attitudes and perspectives that challenge and equip people from all walks of life to overcome their adversities
Attitude is Altitude Glossary
stretch (v): to straighten one arms, legs or body
wrap (v): put ones arms around something
skateboard (n): a short narrow board with small wheels at each end, which you stand on and ride as a sport
torso (n): the main part of the body, not including the head, arms or legs
surf: to take part in the sport of riding on waves on a surfboard
despite (pre): In spite of
limb (n): an arm or leg
hip (n): one of the two parts on each side of one body between the top of one leg and one waist
chicken drumstick (n): the lower part of the leg of a chicken or other bird that is cooked and eaten as food
faith (n): belief or trust in God
virgin (n): someone who has never had sex
modest (adj): shy about attracting sexual interest
publicist (n): someone whose job is to make sure that people know about a new product, film, book, etc.
club (n): a heavy stick with one end thicker than the other
tuck (v): to put something into a space
distraught (adj): so upset and worried
bully (v): to threaten to hurt someone or frighten them
bullying (n): humiliation
carer (n): someone who looks alter an old or ill person at home
wall-mounted (adj): attached to a wall
pump-action (adj): a pump-action piece of equipment is operated by pulling or pressing a part in or out. so that the contents come out in short bursts
drown (v): to die from being under water for too long time
lack: to not have something that one needs
triumph (n): an important success or victory
adversity (n): a difficulty or unpleasant situation
Inspirational (adj): providing encouragement or new ideas for what one should do
conviction (n): a very strong belief or opinion
run over (phr.v.): to hit someone or something with something (a vehicle, challenge, etc.) and drive over them
perseverance (n): the quality of continuing to try to achieve a particular aim despite difficulties
give somebody the eye (n.phrase): to look at someone in a way that shows one thinks they are sexually attractive
freak out (phr.v.): make someone very anxious. upset or afraid
amazing (adj): (here) very good
spin (n): an act of turning around quickly
centre of gravity (n.phrase): the point in any object on which it can balance