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Artificial Parts
How the artificial heart valves have made the life easier?
Author : shanu
Category : Artificial Parts
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How the artificial heart valves have made the life easier, Heart Valve, Valve Replacement, Transplantation, Artificial Heat Valve

How the artificial heart valves have made the life easier?

For the persons whose heart valves have degenerated, heart valve transplantation is a successful treatment. It has become easier now to save heart through artificial heart transplant. This article details the causes of the valves becoming non functional, when the need comes for transplantation and how the tests are conducted and what its various types are as well.

Heart is the most important organ of body which is located in the mid of the chest and the vertebra. There are four chambers in the heart. On the left of it are located one oricle and one ventricle. Similarly on the right side of it are also oricle and ventricle. There are 4 valves in the heart. Blood flows in sing direction through the valve. The sound of closing and opening of valve is called heart beat. The heart of a healthy man beats 70-80 times in a minute and during this the heart pumps 5-6 litres of blood.
   

Causes of malfunctioning of valve

Fever is the main culprit that causes diseases relating to heart valve. Experts opine mostly cough and sore throat comes in the ages of 10-15 years from which crops this problem. The incidence of this disease is common in poor section of the masses. Due to fever, pain and swelling in joints occur and the heart of the valve leaks or even constricts. Infection and some birth disorder also trigger this problem. Calcium deposit with advancing age is also one of the causes.

When to change valve?

The natural valve is 100th time far better than the artificial valve. There valve should only be changed unless it has become fully non functional posing a danger to life. Open heart surgery is taken recourse to, to change the valve in which the heart is made stop for 30-60 minutes. Blood is supplied in the body through artificial means. The danger in this operation hovers between 3-5 %.

Symptoms of a mal functioning heart valve

Due to one malfunctioning valve, circulation of blood is affected which is called leakage. When there is a constriction in the valve, that doesn`t properly pump blood for the heart. Swelling of breathe, beating not coming properly, fatigue, cough with blood, and chest pain are some of its symptoms. If not treated on time, it affects adversely lungs. Not being treated till long, blood dense in heart resulting into clotting of blood. Chances of paralysis increase and even the life itself is threatened.
 

Detection of the valve disease through tests

Some tests are required to be conducted to detect the disease of the valve. This is available in all the big hospitals. These tests are known as ECO, ECG and X-Ray. If somebody sees the symptoms of a malfunctioning valve, he should know this from the tests whether the valve is malfunctioning or not.

Types of artificial valves

Two types of artificial valves are made these days. One valve is made from alloys i.e. metals and another from tissues. Metallic valves last longer. After it is fitted, the patient has to take medicine for thinning the blood for the rest of his life.

The selection of the valve should be made by conferring between the patient and the Doctor. If the patient is a male, and his age is below 70, he should then be fitted with a metallic valve. In cases of females and males above 70 years, tissue valve is preferable.

One valve fitting charges come down to 60-70 thousand rupees. When the matter of operation arises, its cost in AIIMS, Delhi cost a lakh of rupees. In private hospitals, it costs 2-2.50 lakhs of rupees.

Post operational care

After the transplantation of metallic valve, the patient has to take medicine to thin blood till the whole of his life so that the blood doesn`t clot on the valve. Thinning of blood enhances the danger of circulation of increase blood flows in the body causing bleeding from mouth or other places. Under such circumstances, index and other tests should be conducted within 2-3 months. Among women with metallic valve, defects develop in the constitution of their children. If the women after the fitting of the valve wish to be pregnant, she should be fitted with the tissue valve. This surgery needs to be repeated after 10-12 years. Those patients having a life expectancy of 10-12 years should be fitted with tissue valve.

Precautions for the valve patients

Enough precautions need to be taken by the valve patients. No part of body should get hurt because this will augment the flow of bleeding. Safeguards against infection should adequately be taken care of. Meals containing vitamins such as cabbages, spinach, caulis flower and tomato must never be eaten because this would thicken the blood. The patient can led a normal life after valve transplant but he must not do anything which causes exertions on heart. Patient having complaints of cough, sore or swollen breathing should get himself treated so that the valve could be prevented from worsening.

Conclusion:
When the mitral valve of heart doesn`t function well, it prevents the backward flow of blood resulting into the seepage of blood in the entire of heart. Through a newer technique, to stop the seepage, the mitral valve clip through the throat i.e. monarch device is fitted into the valve. This is a special technique. This doesn`t require incisions or cut like the open heart surgery. Only a smallish incision is done on the throat from where the monarch device is fitted to set it into the mitral valve. The heart has to work overtime when the mitral valve malfunctions due to which the chances of heart attack and even death increase.
Detection of the valve disease through tests

Some tests are required to be conducted to detect the disease of the valve. This is available in all the big hospitals. These tests are known as ECO, ECG and X-Ray. If somebody sees the symptoms of a malfunctioning valve, he should know this from the tests whether the valve is malfunctioning or not.

Types of artificial valves

Two types of artificial valves are made these days. One valve is made from alloys i.e. metals and another from tissues. Metallic valves last longer. After it is fitted, the patient has to take medicine for thinning the blood for the rest of his life.

The selection of the valve should be made by conferring between the patient and the Doctor. If the patient is a male, and his age is below 70, he should then be fitted with a metallic valve. In cases of females and males above 70 years, tissue valve is preferable.

One valve fitting charges come down to 60-70 thousand rupees. When the matter of operation arises, its cost in AIIMS, Delhi cost a lakh of rupees. In private hospitals, it costs 2-2.50 lakhs of rupees.

Post operational care

After the transplantation of metallic valve, the patient has to take medicine to thin blood till the whole of his life so that the blood doesn`t clot on the valve. Thinning of blood enhances the danger of circulation of increase blood flows in the body causing bleeding from mouth or other places. Under such circumstances, index and other tests should be conducted within 2-3 months. Among women with metallic valve, defects develop in the constitution of their children. If the women after the fitting of the valve wish to be pregnant, she should be fitted with the tissue valve. This surgery needs to be repeated after 10-12 years. Those patients having a life expectancy of 10-12 years should be fitted with tissue valve.

Precautions for the valve patients

Enough precautions need to be taken by the valve patients. No part of body should get hurt because this will augment the flow of bleeding. Safeguards against infection should adequately be taken care of. Meals containing vitamins such as cabbages, spinach, caulis flower and tomato must never be eaten because this would thicken the blood. The patient can led a normal life after valve transplant but he must not do anything which causes exertions on heart. Patient having complaints of cough, sore or swollen breathing should get himself treated so that the valve could be prevented from worsening.

Conclusion:
When the mitral valve of heart doesn`t function well, it prevents the backward flow of blood resulting into the seepage of blood in the entire of heart. Through a newer technique, to stop the seepage, the mitral valve clip through the throat i.e. monarch device is fitted into the valve. This is a special technique. This doesn`t require incisions or cut like the open heart surgery. Only a smallish incision is done on the throat from where the monarch device is fitted to set it into the mitral valve. The heart has to work overtime when the mitral valve malfunctions due to which the chances of heart attack and even death increase.
Detection of the valve disease through tests

Some tests are required to be conducted to detect the disease of the valve. This is available in all the big hospitals. These tests are known as ECO, ECG and X-Ray. If somebody sees the symptoms of a malfunctioning valve, he should know this from the tests whether the valve is malfunctioning or not.

Types of artificial valves

Two types of artificial valves are made these days. One valve is made from alloys i.e. metals and another from tissues. Metallic valves last longer. After it is fitted, the patient has to take medicine for thinning the blood for the rest of his life.

The selection of the valve should be made by conferring between the patient and the Doctor. If the patient is a male, and his age is below 70, he should then be fitted with a metallic valve. In cases of females and males above 70 years, tissue valve is preferable.

One valve fitting charges come down to 60-70 thousand rupees. When the matter of operation arises, its cost in AIIMS, Delhi cost a lakh of rupees. In private hospitals, it costs 2-2.50 lakhs of rupees.

Post operational care

After the transplantation of metallic valve, the patient has to take medicine to thin blood till the whole of his life so that the blood doesn`t clot on the valve. Thinning of blood enhances the danger of circulation of increase blood flows in the body causing bleeding from mouth or other places. Under such circumstances, index and other tests should be conducted within 2-3 months. Among women with metallic valve, defects develop in the constitution of their children. If the women after the fitting of the valve wish to be pregnant, she should be fitted with the tissue valve. This surgery needs to be repeated after 10-12 years. Those patients having a life expectancy of 10-12 years should be fitted with tissue valve.

Precautions for the valve patients

Enough precautions need to be taken by the valve patients. No part of body should get hurt because this will augment the flow of bleeding. Safeguards against infection should adequately be taken care of. Meals containing vitamins such as cabbages, spinach, caulis flower and tomato must never be eaten because this would thicken the blood. The patient can led a normal life after valve transplant but he must not do anything which causes exertions on heart. Patient having complaints of cough, sore or swollen breathing should get himself treated so that the valve could be prevented from worsening.

Conclusion:
When the mitral valve of heart doesn`t function well, it prevents the backward flow of blood resulting into the seepage of blood in the entire of heart. Through a newer technique, to stop the seepage, the mitral valve clip through the throat i.e. monarch device is fitted into the valve. This is a special technique. This doesn`t require incisions or cut like the open heart surgery. Only a smallish incision is done on the throat from where the monarch device is fitted to set it into the mitral valve. The heart has to work overtime when the mitral valve malfunctions due to which the chances of heart attack and even death increase.
 


 

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