Part - II Group discussion Process and tricks to clear GD
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It is the continuation of PART- I Group discussion

Apart from these qualities, communication skills, confidence and the ability to think on one`s feet are also very important.

A group discussion can be categorically divided into three different phases:
i. Initiation/ Introduction
ii. Body of the group discussion
iii. Summarisation/ Conclusion

Initiation Techniques
Initiating a Group Discussion is a high profit-high loss strategy.
When you initiate a Group Discussion, you not only grab the opportunity to speak, you also grab the attention of the examiner and your fellow candidates.
If you can make a favourable first impression with your content and communication skills after you initiate a Group Discussion, it will help you sail through the discussion. But if you initiate a Group Discussion and stammer/ stutter/ quote wrong facts and figures, the damage might be irreparable.
If you initiate a Group Discussion impeccably but don`t speak much after that, it gives the impression that you started the Group Discussion for the sake of starting it or getting those initial kitty of points earmarked for an initiator!
When you start a Group Discussion, you are responsible for putting it into the right perspective or framework. So initiate one only if you have indepth knowledge about the topic at hand.

There are different techniques to initiate a Group Discussion and make a good first impression:
i. Quotes
ii. Definition
iii. Question
iv. Shock statement
v. Facts, figures and statistics
vi. Short story
vii. General statement

Quotes are an effective way of initiating a Group Discussion.
If the topic of a Group Discussion is: "Should the Censor Board be abolished?", you could start with a quote like, `Hidden apples are always sweet`. For a Group Discussion topic like, Customer is King, you could quote Sam (Wal-mart) Walton`s famous saying, `There is only one boss: the customer. And he can fire everybody in the company -- from the chairman on down, simply by spending his money somewhere else.`

Start a Group Discussion by defining the topic or an important term in the topic.
For example, if the topic of the Group Discussion is Advertising is a Diplomatic Way of Telling a Lie, why not start the Group Discussion by defining advertising as, `Any paid form of non-personal presentation and promotion of ideas, goods or services through mass media like newspapers, magazines, television or radio by an identified sponsor`? For a topic like The Malthusian Economic Prophecy is no longer relevant, you could start by explaining the definition of the Malthusian Economic Prophecy.

Asking a question is an impactful way of starting a Group Discussion.
It does not signify asking a question to any of the candidates in a Group Discussion so as to hamper the flow. It implies asking a question, and answering it yourself. Any question that might hamper the flow of a Group Discussion or insult a participant or play devil`s advocate must be discouraged.
Questions that promote a flow of ideas are always appreciated. For a topic like, Should India go to war with Pakistan, you could start by asking, `What does war bring to the people of a nation? We have had four clashes with Pakistan. The pertinent question is: what have we achieved?`
Shock statement
Initiating a Group Discussion with a shocking statement is the best way to grab immediate attention and put forth your point.
If a Group Discussion topic is, The Impact of Population on the Indian Economy, you could start with, `At the centre of the Indian capital stands a population clock that ticks away relentlessly. It tracks 33 births a minute, 2,000 an hour, 48,000 a day. Which calculates to about 12 million every year. That is roughly the size of Australia. As a current political slogan puts it, `Nothing`s impossible when 1 billion Indians work together`.

Facts, figures and statistics
If you decide to initiate your Group Discussion with facts, figure and statistics, make sure to quote them accurately.
Approximation is allowed in macro level figures, but micro level figures need to be correct and accurate. For example, you can say, approximately 70% of the Indian population stays in rural areas (macro figures, approximation allowed). But you cannot say 30 states of India instead of 28 (micro figures, no approximations). Stating wrong facts works to your disadvantage.

For a Group Discussion topic like, China, a Rising Tiger, you could start with, `In 1983, when China was still in its initial stages of reform and opening up, China`s real use of Foreign Direct Investment only stood at $636 million. China actually utilised $60 billion of FDI in 2004, which is almost 100 times that of its 1983 statistics."

Short story
Use a short story in a Group Discussion topic like, Attitude is Everything.
This can be initiated with, `A child once asked a balloon vendor, who was selling helium gas-filled balloons, whether a blue-coloured balloon will go as high in the sky as a greencoloured balloon. The balloon vendor told the child, it is not the colour of the balloon but what is inside it that makes it go high.`

General statement
Use a general statement to put the Group Discussion in proper perspective.
For example, if the topic is, Should Sonia Gandhi be the prime minister of India?, you could start by saying, `Before jumping to conclusions like, `Yes, Sonia Gandhi should be`, or `No, Sonia Gandhi should not be`, let`s first find out the qualities one needs to be a good prime minister of India. Then we can compare these qualities with those that Mrs Gandhi possesses. This will help us reach the conclusion in a more objective and effective manner.

Summarisation Techniques:

Most Group Discussions do not really have conclusions. A conclusion is where the whole group decides in favour or against the topic. But every Group Discussion is summarised. You can summarise what the group has discussed in the Group Discussion in a nutshell.

Keep the following points in mind while summarising a discussion:

Avoid raising new points.
Avoid stating only your viewpoint.
Keep it brief and concise.
Avoid dwelling only on one aspect of the Group Discussion.
It must incorporate all the important points that came out during the Group Discussion.

If the examiner asks you to summarise a Group Discussion, it means the Group Discussion has come to an end. Do not add anything once the Group Discussion has been summarised.

Some more points to remember before summarising:
1. always be the initiator and concluder of the Group Discussion then being a participant.
2. But if you are particaipant always try to be the most vianl/key participant.
3. put points firmly and always try to get others support too.
4. if you find that the discussion os going offttrack then never loose an oppurtunity to bring it back to straem this is the best point to score max.
5. try to keep latest information on the topic .
6. be very polite , people may try to provoke you to to get more points but try to keep cool.
7. most important don`t wait for your turn to speak when discussion is on. inturrupt politely if you want to put forward your points.
8. last but not the least keep atab on the time given for discussion. score points by wrapping up the discussion if you feel that the discussion is heating but the time is going to be over.
9. during clonclusion, do end with the conclusion note. that shows your leadership quality.

Best scoring points
1. initiation of discussion,
2.always keeping/trying tokeep discussion on track
3. conclusion on time
4. your capability to keep your cool and listen as well as putting your points.

Group Discussion basically means searching your team player, leadership, communication capability.