Women's Role in History
Mirabai & Rani Durgawati in History
Category : Women's Role in History
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History of Rani Durgawati:

History of Rani Durgawati, Her birth, marriage, kingdom of Gond dynasty, war with mughal generl khwaja abdul majid asaf khan of mughal emperor Akber, Narrai, Killed herself with dagger, Rani Durgawati vishwavidalaya, postal stamp, martydom day

Rani Durgawati, a famous queen of Gond dynasty in Indian History for refusing to submit the mughal emperor Akbar. She was born on 5th October 1524 in the famous chandel emperor at Kalanjar fort. In 1542 , she got married to Dalpat Shah, the eldest son of King Sangram Shah of Gond dynasty. In 1545, Rani Durgawati gave birth to a son named Vir Narayan. After death of Dalpat Shah Rani took the reins of the Gond Kingdom in her hands as Vir Narayan was too young. The Rani moved her capital to chauragarh situated in the satpura hills range.
Rani`s contemporary Mughal General Khwaja Abdul Majid Asaf Khan heard about the Rani`s prosperity, He took permission from mughal emperor Akbar and attack to the Rani. The Rani Knows about the strength of the mughal forces. Keeping in view of the strength of the mughal forces, she decide to fight a defencive battle and went to Narrai, situated between a hilly range on one side and two rivers, Gaur and Narmada on the other side. The battle could not be longer, Rani injured near her eye with an arrow and another arrow near neck, she lost her consciousness. After getting back to the consciousness, she feels the defeat was almost. She took out her dagger and killed herself on june 24,1564. Her death is celebrated in India as a "Martydom Day" on June 24. In 1983, University of Jabalpur has been renamed in the memory of Rani Durgawati as Rani Durgawati Viswavidalaya by govt. of Madhya pradesh. The Government of India paid its tribute to her by issuing a postal – stamp commemorating her death, on 24 june 1988. 

 Know about the life history of mystique poetess Mira Bai:

Mirabai (1498-1547) is a well known mystic poetess, who had deeply fallen in love with Lord Krishna. Her compositions are widely appreciated in India. In this article, we will provide you with the biography of Brahmacharini Mirabai. To know the complete life history of Meera Bai, read on…
Meerabai`s Story:
Born at Merta in Nagaur District of Rajasthan, Mirabai is known for her deep love for Krishna. When Mira was six years old, her mother gave her an idol of Krishna, whom she worshipped day and night. At the age of sixteen, her father`s elder brother named Viram Deo fixed Mira`s marriage with Prince Bhoj Raj, the eldest son of Rana Sanga of Chittor.
Though, she got married to him, but she never considered him to be her husband. For her, only Krishna was her husband. She was so much in love with Krishna that, she began neglecting her household duties and thus, she ruined her married life. A few years after her marriage, her husband died but Mirabai refused to commit Sati.
People are of the say that, when Mira turned 30, she left the palace and went to Vrindavana in Mathura. She spent most of her time praying and worshipping Lord Krishna. She kept wandering in search for enlightenment. Finally, she went to Dwarka. She went away but left behind her compositions, which consist of several songs and poems. Her love for Krishna was so deep that, it is said that, she got disappeared in the temple of Krishna in Dwarka.
2.The story of Mirabai`s love for Krishna is very popular : 
Mirabai and Krishna
Mirabai`s love for Krishna is reflected in her poetry and songs that she had dedicated to her lover. For Mirabai, who is more commonly known as Mira, Krishna was everything as in lover, husband, lord and master. Her poems beautifully express the innate feelings of her heart. She has also made use of erotic imagery, while composing poems and songs. The story of Mirabai and Krishna is very popular. Read on to know the legend of Mirabai & Krishna.
It was Mira`s desire to get united with Krishna. It is also noticeable in her poems that speak of her immense love for Krishna. In her poems, she wrote that, she wants to get colored with the color of twilight, which is the symbolic color of Lord Krishna. Mira had a firm belief that, in her last birth she was one of the several gopis who had fallen in love with Krishna.
When she was 16 years old, her marriage was fixed with Prince Bhoj Raj, who was the eldest son of Rana Sanga of Chittor. But, her love for Krishna was so intense that she even spoilt her marital life. She went to the extent of neglecting her household duties. Instead, she was always busy concentrating on Krishna. It is said that, by the 15th century, her love for Krishna reached heights, thereby compelling her to wander around to seek enlightenment. 

3.Mirabai Poems:

The poems of Mirabai were traditionally known as `pada`, a term that was used in the 14th century to refer to the small spiritual songs. Mirabai composed poems as means to express the deepest feelings of her heart.
Mirabai Poems:
In a Sudden
In a sudden,
the sight,
Your look of light,
stills all,
The curd-pot
falls to the ground.
Parents and
all call a halt.
Praise out, they say,
this thing from your heart.
You`ve lost your path.
Says Meera:
Who but you
can see in the dark
of a heart?
That Dark Dweller:
That Dark Dweller in Braj
Is my only refuge.
O my companion,
Worldly comfort is an illusion,
As soon you get it, it goes.
I have chosen the Indestructible for my refuge,
Him whom the snake of death
Will not devour.
My Beloved dwells in my heart,
I have actually seen that Abode of Joy.
Mira`s Lord is Hari, the Indestructible.
My Lord, I have taken refuge with Thee,
Thy slave.
The Plums Tasted:
The plums tasted
sweet to the unlettered desert-tribe girl-
but what manners! To chew into each!
She was ungainly, low-caste, ill mannered and dirty,
but the god took the fruit she`d been sucking.
Why? She knew how to love.
She might not distinquish
splendor from filth
but she`d tasted the nectar of passion.
Might not know any Veda,
but a chariot swept her away-
now she frolics in heaven, ecstatically bound
to her god.
The Lord of Fallen Fools, says Mira,
will save anyone who can practice rapture like that-
I myself in a previous birth
was a cowherding girl
at Gokul.
O My Mind:
O my mind,
Worship the lotus feet of the Indestructible One!
Whatever thou seest twixt earth and sky
Will perish.
Why undertake fasts and pilgrimages?
Why engage in philosophical discussions?
Why commit suicide in Banaras?
Take no pride in the body,
It will soon be mingling with the dust.
This life is like the sporting of sparrows,
It will end with the onset of night.
Why don the ochre robe
And leave home as a sannyasi?
Those who adopt the external garb of a Jogi,
But do not penetrate to the secret,
Are caught again in the net of rebirth.
Mira`s Lord is the courtly Giridhara.
Deign to sever, O Master.
All the knots in her heart.
We Do Not:
We do not get a human life
Just for the asking.
Birth in a human body
Is the reward for good deeds
In former births.
Life waxes and wanes imperceptibly,
It does not stay long.
The leaf that has once fallen
Does not return to the branch.
Behold the Ocean of Transmigration.
With its swift, irresistible tide.
O Lal Giridhara, O pilot of my soul,
Swiftly conduct my barque to the further shore.
Mira is the slave of Lal Giridhara.
She says: Life lasts but a few days only.
Life in the World:
Life in the world is short,
Why shoulder an unnecessary load
Of worldly relationships?
Thy parents gave thee birth in the world,
But the Lord ordained thy fate.
Life passes in getting and spending,
No merit is earned by virtuous deeds.
I will sing the praises of Hari
In the company of the holy men,
Nothing else concerns me.
Mira`s Lord is the courtly Giridhara,
She says: Only by Thy power
Have I crossed to the further shore.