Class 12 Geography NCERT Solutions Chapter 6 Secondary Activities

Class 12 Geography NCERT Solutions Chapter 6 Secondary Activities

Class 12 Geography NCERT Solutions Chapter 6 Secondary Activities is designed and prepared by the best teachers across India. All the important topics are covered in the exercises and each answer comes with a detailed explanation to help students understand concepts better. These NCERT solutions play a crucial role in your preparation for all exams conducted by the CBSE, including the JEE.

Class 12 Geography Chapter 6 NCERT Textbook Questions Solved

Topics and Subtopics in Class 12 Geography NCERT Solutions Chapter 6 Secondary Activities:
Class 12 Geography Chapter 5 NCERT Textbook Questions Solved
1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below:
Question 1.(i) Which one of the following statements is wrong?
  • (a) Cheap water transport has facilitated the jute mill industry along the Hugli.
  • (b) Sugar, cotton textiles and vegetable oils are footloose industries.
  • (c) The development of hydro-electricity and petroleum reduced, to a great extent, the importance of coal energy as a locational factor for industry.
  • (d) Port towns in India have attracted industries.
  • Answer:
  • (b) Sugar, cotton textiles and vegetable oils are footloose industries.
Question 1.(ii) In which one of the following types of economy are the factors of production owned individually?
  • (a) Capitalist
  • (b) Mixed
  • (c) Socialist
  • (d) None
  • Answer:
  • (a) Capitalist
Question 1.(iii) Which one of the following types of industries produces raw materials for other industries?
  • (a) Cottage industries
  • (b) Small-scale industries
  • (c) Basic industries
  • (d) Footloose industries
  • Answer:
  • (c) Basic industries
Question 1.(iv) Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?
  • (a) Automobile industry … Los Angeles
  • (b) Ship building industry… Lusaka
  • (c) Air craft industry … Florence
  • (d) Iron and steel industry … Pittsburgh
  • Answer:
  • (d) Iron and steel industry … Pittsburgh
2. Write a short note on the following in about 30 words:
Question 2.(i) High-Tech industry:
Answer:

This is the latest generation of manufacturing industries. It merges the application of intensive research and development into the manufacturing of products of an advanced scientific and engineering character. Professional (white collar) workers make up a large share of the total workforce and outnumber the actual (blue collar workers).

Question 2.(ii) Manufacturing:
Answer:

Manufacturing adds value to natural resources by transforming raw materials into finished goods of higher value for sale in local or distant markets. It involves a full array of production from handicrafts to moulding iron and steel and stamping out plastic toys to assembling delicate computer components or space vehicles.

Question 2.(iii) Footloose industry:
Answer:

Foot loose industries can be located in a wide variety of places. They are not dependent on any specific raw-material, weight losing or otherwise. They largely depend on component parts which can be obtained anywhere.

3. Answer the following in not more than 150 words:
Question 3.(i) Differentiate between primary and secondary activities.
Answer:
Primary Activities Secondary Activities
(i) those activities, which depend directly on nature for extraction of resources. (i) They convert raw material obtained from primary activities into finished goods of higher value.
(ii) It includes activities like agriculture, mining, fishing, etc. (ii)It concerned with manufacturing, processing and construction (infrastructure) industries.
(iii) They are pre-dominant in under developed/developing countries. (iii) They are dominant in developed countries.
(iv) They earn low value and some need to be processed by secondary activities for sale in market. (iv) produce goods of higher value. They are dependent on primary activities for procurement of raw material.
(v) As economies develop, the share of primary activities decline. (v) As economies develop, the share of secondary activities increase.
(vi) They form the basis of village economies (vi) Secondary activities along with tertiary, quaternary and quinary activities form the basis of urban centers.

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