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International Current Affairs April 4th Week 2021

Statehood Movement in Columbia:

The United States House of Representatives recently passed a bill making Washington, DC, the fifty-first state in the nation. For the second year in a row, the Washington DC Admissions bill has been exceeded. The bill would create the “Washington, Douglas Commonwealth” as a republic. Frederick Douglass was the inspiration for the name.
 
Highlights:
 
♦ Washington, D.C. is also officially known as Columbia. The capital of the United States is Washington, D.C. The Potomac River runs through it. It shares a frontier with Maryland and Virginia.
♦ The aim of the District of Columbia Statehood Movement is to make the District of Columbia a US state. The taxpayers would have voting rights in Congress as a result of this. They would eventually have complete control over municipal affairs. The Columbian district is currently under the exclusive control of the United States Congress.
♦ Statehood would be granted in the United States if a law is passed by the US Congress. The US Congress will admit new states to the Union by passing a statute, according to Article IV of the US Constitution.
♦ Columbia would be the 49th most populous state if it becomes a state. However, in terms of GDP, it will come in first. Also, in terms of median family income, it is first.
♦ The first African American to be nominated for Vice President of the United States was Frederick Douglass. He was a social reformer, orator, and abolitionist once upon a time. In Maryland, he had previously worked as a slave. He fled slavery and rose through the ranks of the Abolitionist movement to become its national leader. The Abolitionist movement aimed to abolish slavery in the United States.
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Human Rights Watch on Israel:

 
Human Rights Watch said on Tuesday that Israel is committing "apartheid" by attempting to maintain Jewish "domination" over Palestinians and its own Arab community.
 
Highlights:
 
♦ Movement limitations, land confiscation, forcible population transfer, denial of citizenship rights, and suspension of civil rights were all listed.
♦ According to the document, Israel is the "single authority" with jurisdiction "over the region between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea."
 
Israel said:
 
Israel blasted HRW`s allegations as "preposterous and baseless," accusing it of having "a long-standing anti-Israeli agenda." Israel is currently under investigation by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for alleged war crimes.
 
About Human Rights Watch:
 
Founded in 1978 and based in New York City, this organisation performs human rights research and advocacy. The team works on behalf of refugees, children, migrants, and political prisoners, putting pressure on governments, politicians, businesses, and individual human rights abusers to condemn violence and appreciate human rights. The company`s headquarters are in New York.
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International Current Affairs April 3rd Week 2021

The President of the United States has announced the withdrawal of all US troops from Afghanistan:

President of the United States (Joe Biden) has declared that all American troops will be withdrawn from Afghanistan by September 11, 2021, effectively ending the country`s longest war.
 
Highlights:
 
♦ Before the 20th anniversary of the heinous attack on September 11th, US soldiers, as well as forces deployed by NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) Allies and operational partners, will be out of Afghanistan (2001).
♦ Biden and his team are fine-tuning a nationwide system to track and counter large-scale terrorist attacks not just in Afghanistan, but also in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and elsewhere.
♦ Before making the announcement, Biden met with former US presidents Barack Obama and George W. Bush.
♦ On February 29, 2020, the US and the Taliban signed a historic agreement in Doha to bring permanent peace to war-torn Afghanistan and enable US troops to return home from America`s longest war.
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New Zealand passes the world`s first climate change law for financial firms:

New Zealand is about to become the world`s first nation to enact legislation requiring economic enterprises to account for their impact on climate change by requiring them to keep track of how their businesses affect the environment. 
 
Key Notes:
 
♦ The aim is to get the financial zone on board with the country`s efforts to reach its carbon-neutral goal by 2050.
♦ In September of last year, the New Zealand government published its plans to force the economic sector to make disclosures, stating that those who were unable to do so would be required to provide explanations.
♦ Prime minister of New Zealand: Jacinda Ardern.
♦ Capital of New Zealand: Wellington.
♦ The forex of New Zealand: New Zealand dollar.
 
India Elected To 3 Bodies Of The UN ECOSOC:
 
In recent years, India has been elected to three United Nations bodies. The Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, the Executive Board of the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and Women`s Empowerment, and the Executive Board of the World Food Programme were the three entities. All three of our bodies are subordinate to the UN Economic and Social Council.
 
Highlights:
 
♦ India was elected by acclamation to all three of these bodies. Honoring others is referred to as acclamation. A vote is no longer used when a member country is elected by acclamation. Other member foreign places, on the other hand, were elected to these bodies by secret ballot. On January 1, 2022, India`s term for these bodies will begin.
♦ When a member of the United Nations stands for election with a blank slate, the vote is held by acclamation. There is no history of proof of any issues with the Clean Slate abilities.
♦ When acclamation elections are held at the United Nations, the secret ballot may be used. In all UN bodies, acclamation voting is no longer permitted. In certain UN bodies, such as the Human Rights Council, election by acclamation is completely prohibited.
♦ Cuba, Chile, Paraguay, Dominican Republic, and Brazil were the other countries elected to the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice by secret ballot. Bahrain, Austria, Bulgaria, Belarus, France, Canada, Libya, Ghana, Qatar, Pakistan, Togo, and Thailand were among the countries that were elected by acclamation.
♦ Executive Board of the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and Women`s Empowerment: Ukraine, Turkmenistan, Thailand, South Africa, Poland, Monaco, Kenya, Guyana, Gambia, Egypt, Colombia, Cameroon, Bangladesh, Australia, Dominican Republic, and Afghanistan were elected to the board by acclamation.
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International Current Affairs April 2nd Week 2021

In the Indian EEZ, the US conducts a Freedom of Navigation operation:
 
India has expressed its dissatisfaction with the United States` decision to patrol the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) in the western Indian Ocean.
 
Highlights:
 
♦ The US Navy said its battleship John Paul Jones conducted freedom of navigation operations in India`s exclusive economic zone, saying the operations "challenge" India`s "excessive maritime requirements."
 
♦ Without India`s permission, the ship asserted the right and freedom of navigation about 130 nautical miles west of the Lakshadweep Islands in India`s exclusive economic zone.
 
♦ The Indian government`s stance on the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is that it "does not allow other countries to conduct military exercises or exercises in the exclusive economic zone and continental shelf, particularly those military exercises or exercises in the exclusive economic zone and continental shelf, especially those military exercises or exercises in the exclusive economic zone and continental shelf." Involves the use of firearms or explosives without the permission of the coastal state.

♦ The United States has yet to ratify the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which India did in 1995.

World Energy Transitions Outlook - 1.5C Pathway:

The "World Energy Transition Outlook" report was published by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). 
 
Highlights: 
 
♦ The study suggests an energy conversion solution for the narrow path that can be used to keep the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius under control. 
♦ The COVID-19 crisis offers countries unanticipated opportunities to decouple their economies from fossil fuels and accelerate the transition to renewable energy. 
♦ Renewable energy is expected to meet 90% of total electricity demand by 2050, followed by natural gas, and nuclear energy for the remaining 10%. 
♦ The agency has established 30 new ways to integrate wind and solar photovoltaic energy into the power grid.
♦ The International Renewable Energy Agency is a non-profit organisation that works to promote renewable energy worldwide. Its aim is to encourage collaboration as well as the adoption and long-term use of renewable energy. It was founded in 2009. Its rules became effective in 2010. IRENA`s headquarters are in Masdar City, Abu Dhabi. IRENA is a United Nations official observer.
 
 
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International Current Affairs April 1st Week 2021

Exercise SHANTIR OGROSHENA 2021 - Bangladesh

In Bangladesh, the Indian army took part in the multinational military exercise SHANTIR OGROSHENA. 

About Ex Shantir Ogroshena: 

♦ To celebrate the 100th birthday of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujipur Rah Mann, a multinational military exercise called "SHANTIR OGROSHENA 2021" (Front Runner of the Peace) will be conducted in Bangladesh. 

♦ In April 2021, the DOGRA Corps will take part in exercises with the Royal Bhutan Army, the Sri Lanka Army, and the Bangladesh Army. 

♦ "Robust Peacekeeping Operations" is the theme of this exercise.

 ♦ Military observers from the United States, the United Kingdom, Turkey, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Singapore will be present in the exercise.

Naval Exercise of India and France:
 
This month, India will take part in French naval exercises in the Bay of Bengal. This would be the Indian Navy`s first participation in a French naval exercise. La Perouse is the name of the exercise.  
 
Highlights: 
 
♦ The exercise will include Japan, Australia, and the United States of America. According to the French Embassy, two French navy ships, Surcouf and Tonnerre, docked in Kochi from March 30 to April 1. After that, they`ll set out for the Bay of Bengal to take part in the exercise. From April 5th to 7th, the French naval exercise La Perouse will take place.
♦ This exercise would include France, India, the United States, Australia, and Japan. The Surcouf and Tonnerre were the two French ships that competed in the La Perouse competition at Kochi port. In 2019, France, the United States, Australia, and Japan hosted the first La Perouse. The Indian and French naval exercises are known as the Varuna Naval Exercises. It was done for the first time in 1983. Then came La Perouse, and then the Arabian Sea`s Varuna.
 
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India Joined E9 Initiative:

 
India has teamed up with eight other countries to speed up digital learning.
 
About E9 Initiative: 
 
♦ Nine nations, including India, China, and Brazil, will examine the possibility of co-creating and expanding digital learning in order to meet the UN`s quality education targets for sustainable growth. 
♦ The E9 initiative is the name of this consultation "The first of three phases in a three-phase process to co-create a digital learning and skills initiative for marginalised children and youth, especially girls. The plan seeks to facilitate rapid reform in the education system in order to speed up recovery and advance the SDG 4 agenda." 
♦ India, Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Egypt, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria, and Pakistan are the E9 nations. 
♦ Countries will partner to encourage improvements in teacher support, expertise investment, and closing the digital divide. 
♦ The meeting will concentrate on success, sharing knowledge and lessons learned, and looking for ways to collaborate and expand digital learning and skills. 
♦ This work was done in response to the COVID pandemic, which disrupted learning and, according to UNESCO, presented an opportunity to improve interconnected and digital economies.
 
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