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National Current Affairs June 3rd Week 2021

National Population Register - NPR:

Migrants from six non-Muslim minority populations in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh can also use National Population Register (NPR) registration papers as proof of their stay in India when applying for long-term visas, according to a Union Home Ministry handbook (LTVs).
♦ The NPR number is one of more than ten documents that can be used to apply for an LTV, which is required for non-Muslims to get Indian citizenship by naturalisation or registration under Sections 5 and 6 of the Citizenship Act, 1955.
♦ These communities are: Hindus, Sikhs, Parsis, Christians, Jains, and Buddhists.
♦ In 2011, an unique provision for Hindus and Sikhs from Pakistan and Afghanistan was introduced for the first time.
♦ It was also alleged that the awareness campaign has nothing to do with the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019, which aims to assist unauthorised migrants from the six groups who arrived in India before the 2014 deadline.
♦ The CAA has not yet been implemented.

National Current Affairs June 2nd Week 2021

Allocation of Spectrum to Indian Railways:

The award of 5 MHz of spectrum in the 700 MHz band to the Indian Railways has been approved by the Cabinet.
♦ The Union Cabinet has given its approval to a proposal to give Indian Railways 5 MHz of the 700 MHz frequency spectrum for public safety and security in stations and trains.
♦ Indian Railways intends to use this frequency to deliver LTE-based Mobile Train Radio Communication along its route.
♦ With an anticipated investment of Rs.25000 crore, the project will be finished in five years.
♦ TCAS has also been approved by the Railways (Train Collision Avoidance System).
♦ It is an ATP (Automatic Train Protection) System created in-house that will help prevent train collisions, reduce accidents, and ensure passenger safety.