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Environment Current Affairs April 2nd Week 2021

Volcano Erupts in South Caribbean:

The La Sourfriere volcano on the Caribbean Sea`s eastern island recently erupted after decades of inactivity. Thousands of people were forced to flee their homes as a result of the volcano. 
♦ The volcano has been inactive since 1979. In December 2020, it started to display signs of life. In 1979, the volcano erupted, causing $100 million in damage. La Sourfriere erupted in 1902, killing thousands of people before the 1979 eruption. 
♦ In French, La Soufriere means "sulphur selling." Since 1718, it has erupted five times. The volcano of La Sourfriere is a stratiform volcano. It is the island`s youngest and northernmost volcano. The Caribbean tectonic plate contains the volcano La Soufriere. 
♦ The Caribbean Sea is an Americas zone made up of the Caribbean Sea. In this location, there are over 700 islands. Climate change poses a significant threat to Caribbean islands. The Caribbean is the source of the word. One of the most important Native American groups in the area is the Caribs. 
♦ The tectonic plates that make up the Caribbean are mostly oceanic. The Nazca plate, the Cocos plate, the North American plate, and the South American plate are all adjacent to the Caribbean plate. The boundary is a high-seismic-activity zone. 
♦ The Caribbean is bordered on the west by Mexico and on the southwest by Central America. The Great Antilles are to the north of the Caribbean Sea, while the Lesser Antilles are to the east. The Mesoamerican barrier reef, located in the Caribbean Sea, is the world`s second largest barrier reef. The coasts of Honduras, Guatemala, Belize, and Mexico are home to coral reefs.

Illegal Sale of Danube Sturgeon:

The illegal selling of Danube St fish, one of the world`s most endangered species, is rampant in the lower Danube area, especially in Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, and Ukraine, according to a report released by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).
♦ After the Volga, the Danube is Europe`s second longest river. It originates in the Black Forest mountains of western Germany and flows 2,850 kilometres to the Black Sea`s mouth.
♦ Fish have been around for about 200 million years, dating back to the time of the dinosaurs. Some of these species can reach lengths of up to eight metres and can live for over a century.
♦ They are referred to as "living fossils" because their presence has remained relatively unchanged over time. A fossil is a living species that hasn`t changed much since the beginning of time, and its immediate relatives are normally extinct. Horse and Ginkgo are examples of living fossils, in addition to St fish.
♦ There are 27 species of fish and pad fish in the northern hemisphere. While some species only live in freshwater, the majority of species are planktonic and lay eggs in freshwater, but have spent the majority of their lives in the ocean or in a brackish climate.
♦ The Danube Sturgeon lives mostly in the Black Sea and migrates to the Danube`s upper reaches and other large rivers to lay eggs.
♦ The World Wildlife Fund is the largest conservation agency in the world, with operations in over 100 countries and regions. Its headquarters are in Grande, Switzerland, where it was established in 1961. The aim is to protect the environment and mitigate the most serious threats to the planet`s biodiversity.

Environment Current Affairs April 2nd Week 2021

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