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National Current Affairs March 4th Week 2021

National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) Price Regulation:

National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) included 81 drugs into Price Regulation. The NPPA has set prices for 81 medicines, including generic antidiabetics, so that patients can benefit from patent expiration benefits.
♦ The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) was established in 1997 as an affiliate of the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers` Department of Pharmaceuticals (DoP).  
♦ The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority is an independent drug pricing regulator that ensures drugs are available and accessible at a reasonable cost. 
Functions and responsibilities: 
♦ According to the powers given to it, to enact and enforce the provisions of the Drugs (Price Control) Order. 
♦ Handle any legal issues that arise as a result of the Authority`s decision. 
♦ Monitor medicine supply, detect shortages (if any), and take corrective action. 
♦ Collect and maintain data on a single company`s production, export and import of market share, and profitability for bulk drugs and preparations. 
♦ Conduct and/or sponsor research related to drug/ pharmaceuticals pricing. 
♦ Advise the central government on changes/revisions to drug policies. 
♦ Assist the federal government with parliamentary issues relating to drug prices. 
♦ Under the Drug Price Control Order, it publishes a list of drugs and their highest prices on a monthly basis (DPCO). 
♦ Headquartered in New Delhi.
Delhi Administration As The Tail Wagging The Dog:
The Delhi National Capital Territory Government (Amendment) Bill, 2021 is a bill that amends the constitution of the Delhi National Capital Territory. 
♦ Parts A, B, C, and D are the four states that exist after the Constitution takes effect. The central government appoints Chief Commissioners and Lieutenant Governors to run the last two states. There is no locally elected legislature to support and consult with them. Delhi was once a part of the C state. 
♦ The Legislative Assembly was formed in 1951, with an elected chief minister. 
♦ Delhi became a Union Territory in 1956, thanks to the States Reorganization Act, and was governed by a President-appointed Administrator. The Delhi Legislative Assembly and the Delhi Legislative Council were both abolished. 
♦ The Delhi Administration Act of 1966 establishes a small representative democracy in Delhi through the Metropolitan Council, which is primarily made up of elected officials. 
♦ The Balakrishnan Committee was established in 1987 to make recommendations on the status that should be given to Delhi. The committee recommended that Delhi remain a Union Territory in 1989, but that a Legislative Assembly and a Council of Ministers be formed, both of which would be accountable to the parliament and have appropriate powers. The 1991 Constitution, according to this article (69th Amendment) Act and the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCT) Act were passed. 
♦ In several elections to the Delhi Parliament since 1991, parties other than the dominant party in the centre of Delhi have won. As a result, the Delhi government and the Union government disagreed on a number of issues. The ensuing fight has raised constitutional concerns, prompting a complaint against Delhi`s special government system in the Supreme Court.

The Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Act is signed into law:

On March 28, 2021, President Ram Nath Kovind approved the Delhi Act (Amendment), 2021, which gave the lieutenant governor privilege over the elected government in the Capital Territory government. 


♦ Articles 21, 24, 33, and 44 of the previous bills from 1991 are amended by this measure. Overall, the Deputy Governor of Delhi is referred to as the “government” in the Delhi NCT (LG). 

♦ According to the bill, LG should be consulted before making any administrative decision based on a cabinet or minister`s decision. The bill further gives LG discretion in matters on which the Legislative Assembly passes legislation. 

♦ It forbids the General Assembly and its committees from enacting rules to begin daily administrative matters or to inquire about administrative decisions. 

♦ Except for public order, police, and property, the Legislative Assembly will make laws under the 1991 "Existing Law." 


♦ Delhi is a federal territory with a legislative assembly, according to Article 239AA of the Constitution, which was promulgated by the 69th Amendment in 1991.

Andhra To Launch 1st Govt Run Animal Ambulance Network of India:

Andhra Pradesh`s state government has agreed to create "India`s first government-operated animal ambulance network." This decision was taken in order to support the state`s livestock and veterinary departments more effectively. 
♦ YS Jagan Mohan Reddy, the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, has made this ambulance network one of his top priorities in order to assist in the rescue of animals in distress and provide adequate animal care. Instruct the Department of Animal Husbandry to set up a mobile ambulance veterinary clinic in each assembly constituency. 
♦ A total of 175 mobile ambulance (veterinary) clinics will be chosen from 108 service departments as assembly constituencies to provide veterinary services at the entrance. These mobile ambulances should be able to provide veterinary emergency care, as well as on-site diagnosis and emergency response. 
♦ The hydraulic lift facility, which can lift animals and carry them to the nearest government veterinary facility in an emergency, is one of the main facilities. A veterinarian and a deputy veterinarian will be assigned to each ambulance. A toll-free call centre for ambulances will be available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. 
♦ According to the Ministry of Animal Husbandry, approximately 1,576 veterinary pharmacies have been opened across the province, and approximately 1,376 veterinary doctors have been hired. More veterinarians, according to the Chief Minister, need better functions and care.
Launch Of Central Scrutiny Centre:
To check user files, the Minister of Finance founded the Central Scrutiny Centre (CSC).
About the Central Scrutiny Centre: 
♦ The Corporate Affairs Ministry`s CSC software aims to search user records in a direct process. 
♦ The aim of CSC is to ensure that data quality is not harmed and that it is defect-free. 
♦ CSC will first thoroughly examine the documents submitted by users in the straight-through process, identifying data quality issues and anomalies, and communicating them to the appropriate company registry so that corrective action can be taken to restore the data`s validity and correctness, as well as streamlined sharing with other regulatory agencies if necessary.

There is no proposal to introduce the panchayat system in Assam`s sixth schedule district:

According to the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), there is currently no proposal to introduce the Panchayat system in Assam`s sixth schedule area.
Sixth Schedule of the Constitution: 
♦ It establishes an independent planning committee that can draught laws related to property, public health, agriculture, and other topics, protecting tribal citizens and giving communities autonomy. 
♦ Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Mizoram each have ten autonomous committees. 
Specific tribal areas in Assam: 
♦ Territorial Areas of North Cachar Hills, Karbi Anglong, and Bodoland  
Specific tribal areas in Meghalaya:
♦ Khasi Hills, Jaintiya Hills and Garo Hills  
♦ Tribal areas in Tripura 
Specific tribal areas in Mizoram: 
♦ 2019 Constitution (125th Amendment) Bill for Chakma, Mara, and Lai districts.
♦ The Cabinet accepted changes to the Autonomous Council`s administrative and financial powers in January 2019. 
♦ In February 2019, the Constitution (Amendment No. 125) Bill, 2019, was introduced in the Rajya Sabha for the elected Village Municipal Councils. 
♦ The new legislation is still in the works. The Autonomous Committee, Village, and Municipal Committees will be elected by the State Election Commission.
Ruins Of Garhwal Forts And Fortalices:
A study discovered 193 fortresses and forts in the northern, eastern, and southern regions of the Garhwal Himalayas that are either intact or scattered. This is the first of its kind in the world. There are a total of 36 major fortresses and 12 famous fortress groups. 
♦ Most mediaeval fortresses in Uttarakhand`s Garhwal Himalayas were strategically constructed to form clusters. 
♦ These fortresses were constructed in valleys, ridges, and prominent mountain tops at various elevations, some of which exceed the Garhwal Himalayas` average sea level (MSL) by 3000 metres. They date back to the Common Era (CE) in the 8th century and were built in valleys, ridges, and prominent mountain tops at various elevations. 
♦ These well-connected forts were constructed during or after the Katyuri dynasty`s collapse. 
♦ Uttarakhand`s mediaeval ruling family is known as the Katyuris. From 700 to 1200 AD, they controlled the region that is now Cumaion. 
♦ Vashudev Katyuri established the Katyuri dynasty (sometimes spelled Vasu Dev or Basu Dev). 
♦ The Katuri dynasty of Kumarn once ruled from Sikkim in the east to Kabul in Afghanistan in the west, but by the 12th century, it had disintegrated into various duchies.

National Current Affairs March 4th Week 2021

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