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International Current Affairs March 3rd Week 2021

Somalia To Organize Elections UN:

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has requested the Somali government to hold elections on March 12, 2021, as soon as possible. The UN Security Council made this request in a resolution that highlighted Al-Shabaab and other armed opposition groups as a serious threat to Somalia`s security. 
♦ The African Union has been approved by the United Nations Security Council to maintain a large force of approximately 20,000 people in Somalia until the end of 2020. The goal is to reduce the threat of terrorist groups while also ensuring federalism, autonomy, solidarity, and stability. Somalia is a country in Africa.  
♦ The resolution`s aim is to hand security over to Somali authorities so that they can take the lead in 2021 and assume full responsibility by 2023. The UN Security Council resolution also emphasised the importance of building capacity among Somali forces and agencies, as well as AU forces. 
♦ Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed) was under the pressure after failing to hold scheduled elections in February 2021, and the resolution was passed. The referendum did not take place because there was no consensus on how to vote. Muhammad has also been accused of delaying the election because he is seeking re-election to a second four-year term. 
♦ Somalia is located in Africa`s Horn of Africa. The nation is bordered on the west by Ethiopia, on the northwest by Djibouti, on the north by the Gulf of Aden, on the east by the Indian Ocean, and on the southwest by Kenya. Somalia has the world`s longest coastline. The nation has a population of 15 million people and is Africa`s most culturally united country. Somalis make up 85 percent of the population. The official languages of Somalia include Somali and Arabic.

Dispute Between Kenya and Somalia:

Kenya has refused to take its maritime border dispute with Somalia to the International Court of Justice. 
♦ The crucial issue of contention between the two countries is the direction in which their Indian Ocean maritime border should be extended. 
Somalia’s position: 
♦ The maritime frontier should run parallel to the land border, all the way to the Indian Ocean (ie, southeast). 
Kenya`s position:
♦ The equator should be parallel to the coastal frontier. 
The importance of the disputed area: 
♦ The conflict has resulted in a triangle with a surface area of approximately 160,000 square kilometres. It`s a big place with a lot of marine protected areas. It is also thought to contain oil and natural gas reserves.
International Court of Justice: 
♦ In 1945, the United Nations Charter created the International Court of Justice (ICJ), which began operations in April 1946. It is the United Nations` primary judicial organ, and it is housed in The Hague`s Peace Palace (Netherlands). It settles legal disputes between countries and offers legal advice on matters referred to it by UN-accredited agencies and specialized agencies in accordance with international law. Although the courts have no enforcement power and well-known countries ignore their rulings, their rulings are binding.
India-Brazil-South Africa Dialogue Forum (IBSA) Was Held:
The Women`s Forum of the India-Brazil-South Africa Dialogue Forum (IBSA) was held. 
About IBSA: 
♦ In June 2003, the India-Brazil-South Africa Dialogue Forum was formed as a cooperation mechanism between three developing countries, three multi-ethnic and multi-cultural democracies.  
Its determination is: 
♦ Assist in the design of new international frameworks 
♦ They will speak out about global issues. 
♦ Intensify their relations in a number of areas. 
♦ The "Declaration of Brasilia" of 2003 formally announced the founding of IBSA, citing India, Brazil, and South Africa`s democratic credentials, their status as developing countries, and their willingness to operate on a global scale. This is the primary reason why these three countries are connected. 
♦ Participatory democracy, respect for human rights, and the rule of law are the fundamental ideals, norms, and values of the IBSA (India-Brazil-South Africa Dialogue Forum). 
♦ To retain a flexible and transparent structure, the Forum does not have a permanent headquarters or executive secretariat. 
♦ It holds Summits of Heads of State or Government at the highest level. 
IBSA`s activities are divided into four tracks: 
♦ Political coordination

International Current Affairs March 3rd Week 2021

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