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# Human Eye and Colourful World

### NCERT Questions

##### Question1. What is meant by power of accommodation of the eye?

Answer:The images of objects at different distances from the eye are brought to focus on retina by changing the focal length of the eye lens. This is known as power of accommodation of the eye

##### Question2. What is the near point and the far point of a normal human eye?

Answer:Near point is 25 cm and far point is infinity

##### Question3. A student has difficulty reading the blackboard while sitting in the last row. What could be the defect the child is suffering from? How can it be corrected?

Answer:The child is suffering from myopia. It can be corrected by using spectacles with concave lenses of suitable focal length

##### Question4. A person with a myopic eye cannot see objects beyond 1.2 m distinctly. What should be the type of the corrective lens used to restore proper vision?

Answer:A concave lens of focal length 1.2 m should be used to restore proper Vision

### Chapter End Questions

##### Question1. human eye can, focus objects at different distances by adjusting the focal length of the eyelens. This is due to?
• presbyopia
• accommodation
• near-sightedness
• far-sightedness

• accommodation
• cornea
• iris
• pupil
• retina

• retina
• 25 m
• 2.5 cm
• 25 cm
• 2.5 m

• 25 cm
##### Question4. The change in focal length of an eye lens is caused by the action of the?
• pupil
• retina
• ciliary muscles
• iris

• ciliary muscles
##### Question5. A person needs a lens of power -5.5 D for correcting his distant vision. For correcting his near vision, he needs a lens of power +1.5 D. What is the focal length of the lens required for correcting?
• (a) distant vision?
• (b) near vision?

##### Question6. The far point of a myopic person is 80 cm in front of the eye. What is the nature and power of the lens required to correct the problem?

Answer:Given: Distance of far point = 80 cm, P= ?
For viewing far-off objects, the focal length of corrective lens

##### Question7. Make a diagram to show how hypermetropia is corrected. The near point of a hypermetropic eye is 1 m. What is the power of the lens required to correct this defect? Assume that the near point of the normal eye is 25 cm?

Answer:The required diagram is shown below

##### Question8. Why is a normal eye not able to see clearly the objects placed closer than 25 cm?

Answer:A normal eye is not able to see clearly the objects placed closer than 25 cm because the focal length of eye lens cannot be decreased below a certain minimum limit

##### Question9. What happens to the image distance in the eye when we increase the distance of an object from the eye?

Answer:In order to focus the eye on objects situated at varying distances, the focal length of the eye lens is changed by the action of ciliary muscles

##### Question10. Why do stars twinkle?

Answer:The rays of starlight pass through many layers of atmosphere. These layers have different densities and hence, different refractive indices. So the directions of rays reaching the eye keep changing causing the image of the star to shift in random directions or eyen disappear for an instant. Thus, the brightness of the star seems to change

##### Question11. Explain why the planets do not twinkle?

Answer:Planets are comparatively much closer to the earth and are thus seen as extended sources of light. Being of larger size, planets can be taken as a collection of a number of point-sized sources of light which nullify the twinkling effect of each other

##### Question12. Why does the sun appear reddish early in the morning?

Answer:At the time of shnrise, the rays of the sun have to travel a larger atmospheric distance. As the wavelength of red colour is the largest of all the colours of sunlight, most of the blue colour and other colours are scattered away. Only red. colour which is least scattered, enters into our eyes. Hence, the sun appears reddish at the time of sunrise

##### Question13. Why does the sky appear dark instead of blue to an astronaut?

Answer:This is because there is no scattering of light due to the absence of atmosphere in the free space.

We hope the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11 Human Eye and Colourful World help you. If you have any query regarding NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11 Human Eye and Colourful World, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest

Important Question

The Human Eye and Colourful World Chapter 11
##### Question1. What is meant by power of accommodation of the eye?Year of Question :(2012)

Answer: The ability of the lens of the eye to adjust its focal length to clearly focus rays coming from distant as well from a near objects on the retina, is known as the power of accommodation of the eye

##### Question2. A person with a myopic eye cannot see objects beyond 1.2 m distinctly. What should be the type of corrective lens used to restore proper vision?Year of Question :(2012)

Answer: An individual with a myopic eye should use a concave lens of focal length 1.2 m so that he or she can restore proper vision

##### Question3. What is the far point and near point of the human eye with normal vision?Year of Question :(2013)

Answer: The minimum distance of the object from the eye, which can be seen distinctly without strain is called the near point of the eye. For a normal persons eye, this distance is 25 cm. The far point of the eye is the maximum distance to which the eye can see objects clearly. The far point of a normal persons eye is infinity

##### Question4. A student has difficulty reading the blackboard while sitting in the last row. What could be the defect the child is suffering from? How can it be corrected?Year of Question :(2012)

Answer: The student is suffering from short-sightedness or myopia. Myopia can be corrected by the use of concave or diverging lens of an appropriate power

## Exercise

##### Question1. The human eye can focus objects at different distances by adjusting the focal length of the eye lens. This is due to?Year of Question :(2012)
• (a) presbyopia
• (b) accommodation
• (c) near-sightedness
• (d) far-sightedness

• (b) accommodation Due to accommodation the human eye can focus objects at different distances by adjusting the focal length of the eye lens
##### Question2. The human eye forms an image of an object at its?Year of Question :(2016)
• (a) cornea
• (b) iris
• (c) pupil
• (d) retina

• (d) retina The retina is the layer of nerve cells lining the back wall inside the eye. This layer senses light and sends signals to the brain so you can see
##### Question3. The least distance of distinct vision for a young adult with normal vision is about?Year of Question :(2012)
• (a) 25 m
• (b) 2.5 cm
• (c) 25 cm
• (d) 2.5 m

• (c) 25 cm
• 25 cm is the least distance of distinct vision for a young adult with normal vision.
##### Question4. The change in focal length of an eye lens is caused by the action of the?Year of Question :(2015)
• (a) pupil
• (b) retina
• (c) ciliary muscles
• (d) iris

• (c) ciliary muscles The action of the ciliary muscles changes the focal length of an eye lens
##### Question5. A person needs a lens of power -5.5 dioptres for correcting his distant vision. For correcting his near vision he needs a lens of power +1.5 dioptre. What is the focal length of the lens required for correcting (i) distant vision, and (ii) near vision?Year of Question :(2012)

Answer: The power (P) of a lens of focal length f is given by the relation Power (P) = 1/f

• (i) Power of the lens (used for correcting distant vision) = - 5.5 D Focal length of the lens (f) = 1/P f = 1/-5.5 f = -0.181 m The focal length of the lens (for correcting distant vision) is - 0.181 m
• (ii) Power of the lens (used for correcting near vision) = +1.5 D Focal length of the required lens (f) = 1/P f = 1/1.5 = +0.667 m The focal length of the lens (for correcting near vision) is 0.667 m
##### Question6. The far point of a myopic person is 80 cm in front of the eye. What is the nature and power of the lens required to correct the problem?Year of Question :(2012)

Answer: The individual is suffering from myopia. In this defect, the image is formed in front of the retina. Therefore, a concave lens is used to correct this defect of vision. Object distance (u) = infinity = ? Image distance (v) = - 80 cm Focal length = f According to the lens formula, A concave lens of power - 1.25 D is required by the individual to correct his defect

##### Question7. Make a diagram to show how hypermetropia is corrected. The near point of a hypermetropic eye is 1 m. What is the power of the lens required to correct this defect? Assume that the near point of the normal eye is 25 cm?Year of Question :(2014)

Answer: An individual suffering from hypermetropia can see distinct objects clearly but he or she will face difficulty in clearly seeing objects nearby. This happens because the eye lens focuses the incoming divergent rays beyond the retina. This is corrected by using a convex lens. A convex lens of a suitable power converges the incoming light in such a way that the image is formed on the retina, as shown in the following figure The convex lens creates a virtual image of a nearby object (N in the above figure) at the near point of vision (N) of the individual suffering from hypermetropia. The given individual will be able to clearly see the object kept at 25 cm (near point of the normal eye), if the image of the object is formed at his near point, which is given as 1 m. Object distance, u= - 25 cm Image distance, v= - 1 m = - 100 m Focal length, f Using the lens formula, A convex lens of power +3.0 D is required to correct the defect

##### Question9. What happens to the image distance in the eye when we increase the distance of an object from the eye?Year of Question :(2012)

Answer: The image is formed on the retina even on increasing the distance of an object from the eye. The eye lens becomes thinner and its focal length increases as the object is moved away from the eye

##### Question10. Why do stars twinkle?Year of Question :(2015)

Answer: The twinkling of a star is due to atmospheric refraction of starlight. The starlight, on entering the earths atmosphere, undergoes refraction continuously before it reaches the earth. The atmospheric refraction occurs in a medium of gradually changing refractive index

##### Question11. Explain why the planets do not twinkle?Year of Question :(2012)

Answer: Unlike stars, planets dont twinkle. Stars are so distant that they appear as pinpoints of light in the night sky, even when viewed through a telescope. Since all the light is coming from a single point, its path is highly susceptible to atmospheric interference (i.e. their light is easily diffracted)

##### Question12. Why does the Sun appear reddish early in the morning?Year of Question :(2012)

Answer: White light coming from the sun has to travel more distance in the atmosphere before reaching the observer. During this, the scattering of all coloured lights except the light corresponding to red colour takes place and so, only the red coloured light reaches the observer. Therefore, the sun appears reddish at sunrise and sunset

##### Question13. Why does the sky appear dark instead of blue to an astronaut?Year of Question :(2013)

Answer: The sky appears dark instead of blue to an astronaut, as scattering of light does not take place outside the earths atmosphere