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Oscars of science awarded to Event Horizon Telescope Team: 

The Event Horizon Telescope Team consists of 347 scientists produced the world first image of a black hole. They were felicitated with breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics. The prize is known as the Oscars of science with prize money $3 million. The team published the image of black hole circled by a flame-orange halo of white-hot plasma on the Messier 87 (M87) galaxy.

Directed by Shep Doelman at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, the team spent over a decade simulating an Earth-sized computational telescope that combined the signals received by eight radio telescopes working in pairs around the world with their sights trained on the Messier 87 (M87) galaxy, 55 million light-years away.

Through this technique, they were able to achieve an unprecedented resolution and observe the black hole`s silhouette for the first time in history, confirming theoretical predictions about these celestial objects.

The event horizon of a black hole is the point at which its gravitational effects are strong that light cannot escape its pull.

The Breakthrough Prize was launched by Silicon Valley entrepreneurs to recognize and reward the world`s top scientists.

They will be recognized at a gala awards ceremony on November 3, at NASA Ames Research Center in Mountain View, California.

Chandrayaan 2 Lander has been located in Moon:

Chandrayaan-2`s Lander module Vikram has been located on the lunar surface. The Lander was located by the image sent captured by the on-board camera of Chandrayaan-2 orbiter. The image also showed that rover Pragyan is housed inside it. The Indian space agency also said the data that was received is being analyzed.

Orbiter:

The camera of the orbiter has the highest resolution camera of 0.3m in any lunar mission so far. It is expected that it will provide high-resolution images which will be immensely useful to the global scientific community. 

The orbiter has 8 payloads to map the lunar surface and study the outer atmosphere of the Moon. The payloads of the Orbiter will conduct remote-sensing observations from a 100 km orbit.

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BHEL commissions 1,320 MW thermal plant in Jharsuguda, Odisha:

Govt.of India owned state run engineering firm Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) announced commissioning of 1320 MegaWatt(MW) power project in Ib Thermal Power Station(ITPS) in Odisha’s Jharsuguda district. This generated power will be supplied to Grid Corporation of Odisha(GRIDCO).

Key points:

 

The project is owned by Odisha Power Generation Corporation Limited (OPGC), which is a joint venture company between govt. Of Odisha and AES(Applied Energy Services), a United States(US) based energy company.

DRDO successfully test fires indigenous MP-ATGM in Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh:

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully flight tested indigenously developed low weight, fire-and-forget Man Portable Anti Tank Guided Missile (MP-ATGM) from a firing range in Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh.DRDO successfully test fires indigenous MP-ATGM in Kurnool. It was the third successful test-firing of the 100% indigenous ATGM, developed for the infantry battalions of the Indian Army.

The missile, incorporated with state-of-the-art Infrared Imaging Seeker along with advanced avionics, was launched from a man-portable tripod launcher and it hit the target of mimicking a functional tank in top attack mode and destroyed it with precision.

 
 
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First-ever arrested landing of LCA Tejas successfully executed by DRDO, ADA:

The first ever arrested landing of the Light Combat Aircraft(LCA) Tejas was successfully executed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation(DRDO) and Aeronautical Development agency(ADO) of DRDO at INS Hansa, Goa at a shore based facility centre. This achievement would pave way to take up aircraft carrier landing demonstration on Indian Naval Aircraft Carrier, INS (Indian Naval Ship) Vikramaditya.First-ever arrested landing of LCA Tejas successfully

Key points

i. LCA(navy): It is the naval version of Tejas after it was developed for Indian Air Force(IAF). The arrested landing of the naval version of the LCA would be test on INS vikramaditya. INS vikrant which is also known as Indigenous Aircraft Carrier 1(IAC-1) will be delivered to the Indian Navy(IN) in 2021 and would also feature LCA on its board.

ii. Flight test team: Commander JA Maolankar (Chief Test Pilot), Captain Shivnath Dahiya, Landing Safety Officer(LSO) and Commander J D Raturi (Test Director) successfully executed the arrested landing after years of flight testing and 4 dedicated campaign tests.

iii. Makers involved: ADA, DRDO, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited-Air Research and Development Command(HAL-ARDC), CSIR(Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) labs.

About DRDO:

Headquarters- New Delhi.

Minister responsible- Rajnath Singh (Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh).

Chairman- G.Satheesh Reddy.

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