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National Current Affairs March 4th Week 2021

National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) Price Regulation:

National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) included 81 drugs into Price Regulation. The NPPA has set prices for 81 medicines, including generic antidiabetics, so that patients can benefit from patent expiration benefits.
 
Highlights: 
 
♦ The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) was established in 1997 as an affiliate of the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers` Department of Pharmaceuticals (DoP).  
♦ The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority is an independent drug pricing regulator that ensures drugs are available and accessible at a reasonable cost. 
 
Functions and responsibilities: 
 
♦ According to the powers given to it, to enact and enforce the provisions of the Drugs (Price Control) Order. 
♦ Handle any legal issues that arise as a result of the Authority`s decision. 
♦ Monitor medicine supply, detect shortages (if any), and take corrective action. 
♦ Collect and maintain data on a single company`s production, export and import of market share, and profitability for bulk drugs and preparations. 
♦ Conduct and/or sponsor research related to drug/ pharmaceuticals pricing. 
♦ Advise the central government on changes/revisions to drug policies. 
♦ Assist the federal government with parliamentary issues relating to drug prices. 
♦ Under the Drug Price Control Order, it publishes a list of drugs and their highest prices on a monthly basis (DPCO). 
♦ Headquartered in New Delhi.
 
Delhi Administration As The Tail Wagging The Dog:
 
The Delhi National Capital Territory Government (Amendment) Bill, 2021 is a bill that amends the constitution of the Delhi National Capital Territory. 
 
Highlights: 
 
♦ Parts A, B, C, and D are the four states that exist after the Constitution takes effect. The central government appoints Chief Commissioners and Lieutenant Governors to run the last two states. There is no locally elected legislature to support and consult with them. Delhi was once a part of the C state. 
♦ The Legislative Assembly was formed in 1951, with an elected chief minister. 
♦ Delhi became a Union Territory in 1956, thanks to the States Reorganization Act, and was governed by a President-appointed Administrator. The Delhi Legislative Assembly and the Delhi Legislative Council were both abolished. 
♦ The Delhi Administration Act of 1966 establishes a small representative democracy in Delhi through the Metropolitan Council, which is primarily made up of elected officials. 
♦ The Balakrishnan Committee was established in 1987 to make recommendations on the status that should be given to Delhi. The committee recommended that Delhi remain a Union Territory in 1989, but that a Legislative Assembly and a Council of Ministers be formed, both of which would be accountable to the parliament and have appropriate powers. The 1991 Constitution, according to this article (69th Amendment) Act and the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCT) Act were passed. 
♦ In several elections to the Delhi Parliament since 1991, parties other than the dominant party in the centre of Delhi have won. As a result, the Delhi government and the Union government disagreed on a number of issues. The ensuing fight has raised constitutional concerns, prompting a complaint against Delhi`s special government system in the Supreme Court.
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The Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Act is signed into law:

On March 28, 2021, President Ram Nath Kovind approved the Delhi Act (Amendment), 2021, which gave the lieutenant governor privilege over the elected government in the Capital Territory government. 

Highlights: 

♦ Articles 21, 24, 33, and 44 of the previous bills from 1991 are amended by this measure. Overall, the Deputy Governor of Delhi is referred to as the “government” in the Delhi NCT (LG). 

♦ According to the bill, LG should be consulted before making any administrative decision based on a cabinet or minister`s decision. The bill further gives LG discretion in matters on which the Legislative Assembly passes legislation. 

♦ It forbids the General Assembly and its committees from enacting rules to begin daily administrative matters or to inquire about administrative decisions. 

♦ Except for public order, police, and property, the Legislative Assembly will make laws under the 1991 "Existing Law." 

 

♦ Delhi is a federal territory with a legislative assembly, according to Article 239AA of the Constitution, which was promulgated by the 69th Amendment in 1991.

Andhra To Launch 1st Govt Run Animal Ambulance Network of India:

Andhra Pradesh`s state government has agreed to create "India`s first government-operated animal ambulance network." This decision was taken in order to support the state`s livestock and veterinary departments more effectively. 
 
Highlights: 
 
♦ YS Jagan Mohan Reddy, the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, has made this ambulance network one of his top priorities in order to assist in the rescue of animals in distress and provide adequate animal care. Instruct the Department of Animal Husbandry to set up a mobile ambulance veterinary clinic in each assembly constituency. 
♦ A total of 175 mobile ambulance (veterinary) clinics will be chosen from 108 service departments as assembly constituencies to provide veterinary services at the entrance. These mobile ambulances should be able to provide veterinary emergency care, as well as on-site diagnosis and emergency response. 
♦ The hydraulic lift facility, which can lift animals and carry them to the nearest government veterinary facility in an emergency, is one of the main facilities. A veterinarian and a deputy veterinarian will be assigned to each ambulance. A toll-free call centre for ambulances will be available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. 
♦ According to the Ministry of Animal Husbandry, approximately 1,576 veterinary pharmacies have been opened across the province, and approximately 1,376 veterinary doctors have been hired. More veterinarians, according to the Chief Minister, need better functions and care.
 
Launch Of Central Scrutiny Centre:
 
To check user files, the Minister of Finance founded the Central Scrutiny Centre (CSC).
 
About the Central Scrutiny Centre: 
 
♦ The Corporate Affairs Ministry`s CSC software aims to search user records in a direct process. 
♦ The aim of CSC is to ensure that data quality is not harmed and that it is defect-free. 
♦ CSC will first thoroughly examine the documents submitted by users in the straight-through process, identifying data quality issues and anomalies, and communicating them to the appropriate company registry so that corrective action can be taken to restore the data`s validity and correctness, as well as streamlined sharing with other regulatory agencies if necessary.
 
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There is no proposal to introduce the panchayat system in Assam`s sixth schedule district:

 
According to the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), there is currently no proposal to introduce the Panchayat system in Assam`s sixth schedule area.
 
Highlights: 
 
Sixth Schedule of the Constitution: 
 
♦ It establishes an independent planning committee that can draught laws related to property, public health, agriculture, and other topics, protecting tribal citizens and giving communities autonomy. 
♦ Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Mizoram each have ten autonomous committees. 
 
Specific tribal areas in Assam: 
 
♦ Territorial Areas of North Cachar Hills, Karbi Anglong, and Bodoland  
 
Specific tribal areas in Meghalaya:
 
♦ Khasi Hills, Jaintiya Hills and Garo Hills  
 
♦ Tribal areas in Tripura 
 
Specific tribal areas in Mizoram: 
 
♦ 2019 Constitution (125th Amendment) Bill for Chakma, Mara, and Lai districts.
♦ The Cabinet accepted changes to the Autonomous Council`s administrative and financial powers in January 2019. 
♦ In February 2019, the Constitution (Amendment No. 125) Bill, 2019, was introduced in the Rajya Sabha for the elected Village Municipal Councils. 
♦ The new legislation is still in the works. The Autonomous Committee, Village, and Municipal Committees will be elected by the State Election Commission.
 
Ruins Of Garhwal Forts And Fortalices:
 
A study discovered 193 fortresses and forts in the northern, eastern, and southern regions of the Garhwal Himalayas that are either intact or scattered. This is the first of its kind in the world. There are a total of 36 major fortresses and 12 famous fortress groups. 
 
Highlights: 
 
♦ Most mediaeval fortresses in Uttarakhand`s Garhwal Himalayas were strategically constructed to form clusters. 
♦ These fortresses were constructed in valleys, ridges, and prominent mountain tops at various elevations, some of which exceed the Garhwal Himalayas` average sea level (MSL) by 3000 metres. They date back to the Common Era (CE) in the 8th century and were built in valleys, ridges, and prominent mountain tops at various elevations. 
♦ These well-connected forts were constructed during or after the Katyuri dynasty`s collapse. 
♦ Uttarakhand`s mediaeval ruling family is known as the Katyuris. From 700 to 1200 AD, they controlled the region that is now Cumaion. 
♦ Vashudev Katyuri established the Katyuri dynasty (sometimes spelled Vasu Dev or Basu Dev). 
♦ The Katuri dynasty of Kumarn once ruled from Sikkim in the east to Kabul in Afghanistan in the west, but by the 12th century, it had disintegrated into various duchies.
 

National Current Affairs March 3rd Week 2021

Kalanamak Rice Festival to be Held in Uttar Pradesh:

In the Uttar Pradesh town of Siddharth Nagar, the state government will host a three-day "Kalanamak Rice Festival." On March 13, 2021, the festival will begin. After the success of the "Jansi Strawberry Festival" and "Lucknow Jaggery Festival," the music festival was organised. 
 
Highlights: 
 
♦ Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath stressed the importance of encouraging localised production and creating a market for it in order to create new income opportunities for farmers. This year`s festival began on March 13th. 
♦ A rice festival was held as part of the "Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan" and "Local for Vocal" activities to encourage, sell, and brand the selected products as "One District One Product" (ODOP).  
♦ This region grows Kala Namak rice, which is a result of some areas in eastern Uttar Pradesh. As a result, festival attendees will be able to sample dishes made with Kalanamak rice. 
♦ These stalls sell Kala Namak rice seeds as well as rice. Visitors can learn about the origin, nutritional and scientific importance, and cultivation of Kala Namak rice during the festival. Throughout the festival, Kala Namak`s dishes were on display at various stalls. Prao, kel, lentils, cumin rice, poha, tomatoes, chickpeas, khichdi, idli, and fara are some of the dishes available. 
♦ The festival will also feature a vibrant cultural programme that will highlight the talents of local artists and students. Progressive growers, FPOs, and self-help organisations may obtain information on commodity production and processing as part of the initiative. 
 
Lakhs of Visitors Visited Statue of Unity:
 
After its unveiling in 2018, Kevadia`s "Statue of Unity" in Gujarat`s Narmada area has attracted over 5 million visitors. 
 
Highlights: 
 
♦ On October 31, 2020, India`s first seaplane service launched from Gujarat. This path links Ahmedabad`s Sabarmati Riverfront with Kaivadia`s Statue of Unity. 
♦ Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is commemorated by the Unity Statue. Before India`s independence, Sardar Patel owned 560 princely states, so the statue was called the "statue of unity." It opened on October 31, 2018, to commemorate Sardar Patel`s 143rd birthday. 
♦ The Unity Statue is the world`s tallest statue. It stands 182 metres tall, 23 metres higher than the Buddha Statue in China`s Spring Temple and nearly twice as tall as the United States Statue of Liberty (93 metres). 
♦ It was added to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization`s "Eight Wonders" in January 2020. (SCO). 
♦ It is situated on Sadhu Bet Island, which is part of the Narmada River, which flows between the Satpura and Vindhya mountains. 
♦ The intricate bronze siding work was done by the Chinese foundry Jiangxi Toqin Company, and the statue of Unity was modelled by Padma Bhushan`s sculptor Ram V Sutar (JTQ).
 
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Appointment Of State Election Commissioners - SC:

The Supreme Court ruled that State Election Commissioners should be appointed by independents rather than bureaucrats. 
 
Highlights: 
 
Case: 
 
♦ The Goa government has filed an appeal against a Mumbai High Court order suspending the Goa State Electoral Commission`s municipal election notices. 
♦ The Supreme Court (SC) has now upheld the High Court`s decision on municipal reservations, ordering the state government to inform the municipalities of Mormugao, Margao, Mapusa, Quepem, and Sanguem of reservations within 10 days. 
♦ It also gave the State Election Commission until April 30 to complete the election process. 
♦ State Election Commissioners should be appointed by independents rather than bureaucrats. This is important because giving government workers the extra expense of the State Election Commissions is "a constitutional mockery." 
♦ Across the country, states can nominate independent persons to serve as Election Commissioners. 
 
About the State Election Commission: 
 
♦ The State Election Commission, which is responsible for supervising, directing, and monitoring the preparation of the electoral roll and the conduct of all elections to Panchayats and Municipalities in India, owns the Indian Constitution (Article 243K, 243ZA). 
♦ The Governor of each state appoints the State Election Commissioner. 
♦ The Governor shall, upon the State Election Commission`s request, provide the State Election Commission with the required staff to perform the functions assigned to the SEC provision, according to Article 243. (1). 
♦ The states, according to the Constitution, are responsible for creating local self-government institutions (entry 5, List II, Schedule 7). 
 

 

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Appropriation Bill Gets The Nod Of Lok Sabha:

The Appropriation Bill has been authorised by the Lok Sabha, enabling the central government to withdraw funds from the Consolidated Fund of India for its business needs and programme implementation. Speaker Om Birla signed the bill by using the guillotine, a legislative instrument that allows for the swift approval of pending grant requests without debate. 
 
About Appropriation Bill: 
 
♦ The Appropriation Bill is a bill that authorises the government to withdraw funds from the Consolidated Fund of India to cover its expenditures during a fiscal year. 
♦ The government can only remove funds from the pooled fund if Parliament supports it, according to Article 114 of the Constitution. 
♦ Simply put, the "Finance Bill" specifies the amount and intent of withdrawals, while the "Appropriation Bill" specifies the amount and purpose of withdrawals.
 
Eastern Rajasthan Canal Project National Project Status:
 
Rajasthan`s Chief Minister has asked that the Eastern Rajasthan Canal Project (ERCP) be designated as a national project. The primary benefit of a project that has been designated as a national project is that the federal government will fund 90 percent of the project`s costs. The cost of ERCP is expected to be around Rs. 40 billion. 
 
About the Eastern Rajasthan Canal Project: 
 
♦ Its goal is to collect excess water from rivers in southern Rajasthan during the rainy season, such as the Chambal River and its tributaries (including Kunnu, Parvati, and Kalishinde), and use it in the southeastern part of the state, where water is scarce for drinking and irrigation. 
♦ By 2051, ERCP expects to be able to meet the demand for drinking water as well as industrial water for humans and livestock in southern and southeastern Rajasthan. 
♦ It is suggested that 26 large and medium-sized projects provide drinking water to 13 districts in Rajasthan, as well as irrigation water for 280,000 hectares of land. 
♦ The 13 districts are Kota, Baran, Tonk, Jaipur, Bundi, Sawai Madhopur, Ajmer, Jhalawar, Karauli, Alwar, Bharatpur, Dausa, and Dholpur. 
 

National Current Affairs March 2nd Week 2021

Smugglers of Red Sanders Was Arrested:

An foreign Red Sanders smuggler from Chennai was apprehended by the Kadapa police, who confiscated logs worth Rs 1 crore. 
 
Red Sanders: 
 
♦ The rich tones and healing properties of Red Sanders (Pterocarpus santalinus) are well-known.  
♦ Several areas of Andhra Pradesh, as well as parts of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka, are home to the tree. Red sand grinders were prohibited from being exported in 2004 after being listed in Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.  
♦ However, the General Administration of Foreign Trade (DGFT) revised its export policy in 2019 to allow red sand mills to be exported (if obtained from cultivated land). The soil is red, and the climate is hot and dry, so Red Sanders grow on stony, eroded, and fallow land.  
♦ It is listed on the Red List by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as a near-threatened species.
 
NRI Quota Seats For OCI Cardholders In Educational Institutions:
 
OCI (Overseas Indian Citizens) cardholders can demand "only NRI quota seats" in educational institutions based on tests like NEET and JEE, according to a recent notice published in the Gazette (Mains and Advanced). Ministry of Home Affairs is the name of the department within the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA)
 
Highlights: 
 
♦ OCI has no right to engage in "missionary, mountaineering, journalism, or entertainment practises" without the permission of the Indian government.
 
♦ The three previous notifications that did not indicate the special permits needed for these activities have been replaced by this one.
 
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Mandatory Provision of Airbags:

 
Airbags must be issued for passengers seated in the front seats of the vehicle in front of the driver, according to a Gazette notice. Ministry of Public Transportation and Highways.
 
Highlights: 
 
♦ Airbags must be installed in vehicles produced on or after April 1, 2021 (new model) and August 31, 2021 (existing model).
♦ This safety feature is based on the Supreme Court`s Road Safety Committee`s recommendations.
♦ All current models in the M1 category are expected to have no more than eight passenger seats, with the exception of the driver`s seat.
 
About Airbags:
 
♦ The airbag can deploy in the event of a crash, serving as a protective cushion between the rider and the dashboard.
♦ The front airbag is built to inflate in a moderate to extreme frontal collision to keep the person`s head and chest from colliding with the vehicle`s rigid structure.
 
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National Current Affairs March 1st Week 2021

Lok Shaba TV and Rajya Shaba TV Sansad TV:

Sansad TV – Lok Shaba TV and Rajya Shaba TV The Indian Parliament has combined two television channels, Lok Sabha TV and Rajya Sabha TV, into a single channel known as Sansad TV. 
 
Highlights: 
 
♦ Live TV shows in Hindi and English, as well as news and current affairs programmes, will continue to be shown on this new channel. The Rajya Sabha TV station is located near Talkatora Stadium on leased public land. 
♦ This agency will now merge with the infrastructure of Lok Sabha TV to form a new organisation. Former textile minister Ravi Kapoor (Ravi Kapoor) has been appointed as the CEO of Sansad Television for a one-year term.
♦ In 2019, a committee of experts headed by Prasar Bharati CEO Surya Prakash suggested combining the two organisations. 
♦ Sansad TV will be made up of two outlets or channels that will ensure that the two hospitals` live broadcasts operate smoothly. The channel will have two options during the parliament`s adjournment: run the current affairs channel in English and Hindi, or close one channel and show the programme on the other. In a small bungalow, the new channel will set up shop on Mahadev Road. 
♦ Consolidation of companies would be a substantial cost-cutting step. Rajya Sabha Television Company will pay 10-12 crore in rent for offices and studios on Talkatora Road as part of the merger.
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