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National Current Affairs February 4th Week 2022

 J&K Gets India`s First Cable-Stayed Rail Bridge

The Indian Railways has shared new images of the country`s first cable-stayed bridge on the Anji river in Jammu and Kashmir`s Reasi district.

 

Highlights

  • The Indian Railways has shared new images of the country`s first cable-stayed bridge on the Anji river in Jammu and Kashmir`s Reasi district. 
  • The under-construction Anji Khad bridge, a part of the Udhampur-Srinagar-Baramulla Rail Link (USBRL) project, will connect Katra and Reasi areas through rail links. 
  • The bridge will stand at 331 meters above the river bed – above the Eiffel Tower in Paris. 
  • The bridge`s total length is 473.25 meters, and 96 cables support it.
  • The Udhampur-Srinagar-Baramulla rail link is one of the foremost challenging projects undertaken within the Indian subcontinent. 
  • The bridge has been designed to face up to storms and powerful winds. 
  • Given the complex geology of the high-altitude region, constructing the bridge is highly challenging. The Railways has divided the 272-km rail link into three subsections.
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 IBM has opened a Cybersecurity hub in Bengaluru

IBM has opened a cybersecurity hub in Bengaluru to address the concerns of its clients in the Asia Pacific (APAC) region.

Highlights

  • International Business Machines Corp. (IBM) has launched a cybersecurity hub in Bengaluru to deal with the concerns of its clients across the Asia Pacific (APAC) region. 
  • The multi-million dollar IBM Security Command Center will be located at the IBM office in Bengaluru in Karnataka. It`s the primary of its kind facility within the region. 
  • The IBM global analysis report for 2022 states that Asia emerged because the top-most targeted region for cyberattacks, representing 26% of attacks analyzed in 2021.

The Cybersecurity Hub:

  • This cybersecurity hub will deliver training in cybersecurity response techniques, to organizations of all kinds, through highly realistic, simulated cyberattacks to organize everyone, from C-Suite to technical staff.
  • The new cyber security hub is among IBM`s sole two such centers globally. The opposite one is found within the US.
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National Current Affairs February 3rd Week 2022

 PM Inaugurates Gobar-Dhan Plant in Indore

Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated a 550-tonne capacity "Gobar-Dhan (Bio-CNG) Plant" in Indore, Madhya Pradesh.

 

Highlights

  • Through video conferencing, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated a 550-tonne capacity "Gobar-Dhan (Bio-CNG) Plant" in Indore, Madhya Pradesh. 
  • This is the most critical Bio-CNG plant in Asia. It`s been found out for Rs 150 crore. 
  • The gobardhan plant is predicated on the concept of waste-to-wealth innovation.
  • Wet urban household waste and waste from cattle and farm is Gobar Dhan. 
  • Lakhs of tonnes of garbage have occupied thousands of acres of land for many years across the country, causing air and pollution, the main reason behind the spread of diseases. 
  • The plant is predicated on zero-landfill models, which suggests no rejects would be generated.

Benefits of the plants

  • Reduction in greenhouse emissions, providing green energy, and organic compost as fertilizer.
  • The Indore Gober Dhan Bio CNG plant will produce around 17,000 kg per day of CNG and 100 tonnes per day of organic compost.
  • It is proposed that such Gober Dhan Bio CNG plants will be established in 75 big Municipal bodies in the coming two years.
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 The Supreme Court has ruled on a Gender cap in Orchestras.

The Government of Maharashtra had placed a restriction limiting the amount of female and male performers in orchestra bars to four each, but the Supreme Court (SC) overturned it.

 

Highlights:

  • The SC said the limit of performers shouldn`t exceed the amount of 8, but there shouldn`t be any restriction on gender composition. 
  • The bench that passed the order consists of Justice S. Ravindra Bhat and Justice K.M. Joseph.
  • The SC said that this gender cap breaks the performers` fundamental rights also as those of the license owners under Article 19 (1) (g) and Article 15 (1) of the Indian Constitution.
  • Orchestra performances are a standard feature that a license has to be procured, namely the Premises and Performance licenses under the Maharashtra Police Act, 1951`s Licensing and Performance for Public Amusement, including Melas Cabaret Performance, and Tamashas Rule, 1960.

 

Conditions Challenged

  • The Commissioner of Police, Brihan Mumbai, added several conditions to the prevailing ones.
  •  On the opposite hand, the appellant challenged two significant conditions that contributed to the gender difference.
  • Only four female singers/artists and 4 male singers/artists are permitted to stay on the permitted stage by the licensee.
  • Only eight musicians are allowed to stay on the stage at any given time (four male and 4 women).
  • The supreme court had dismissed the appeal to the Commissioner of Police`s conditions, ruling that the proper to impose them was obtained from the Maharashtra Police Act, 1951, and therefore the rules framed thereunder. Later, these conditions were overturned by the Supreme Court.
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National Current Affairs February 2nd Week 2022

 Indian Footwear and Leather Development Program Continued

 
The Ministry of Commerce recently announced that the Indian Footwear and Leather Development Program (IFLDP) will continue from 2021-22 till 2026. 
 
Highlights:
  • The program is to be implemented for Rs 1,700 crores. IFLDP will develop infrastructure for the leather sector. 
  • It`ll facilitate additional investment and increase the assembly of leather goods. The program will provide employment opportunities.
  • The program will provide Rs 500 crores of monetary for technological up-gradation. The sectoral units shall use this amount for their modernization.
  • Also, the program will provide Rs 100 crores of monetary assistance for developing design studios.
  • They`re going to facilitate buyer-seller meet, promote export linkages, organize trade fairs, and display the designs to the international buyers. Overall, the studios will interface between the buyers and sellers.
  • The program will help India achieve many of its sustainable development goals. It`ll also help reduce poverty, increase the economic process, promote gender equality, infrastructural development, etc.
Sub Schemes:
  • Establishment of institutional facilities
  • Sustainable technology and environmental promotion
  • Establishment of institutional facilities
  • Brand promotion
  • Mega Leather Footwear and accessories cluster development
  • Development of design studios

Need:

  • The leather manufacturing clusters are fragmented. They`re located in various parts of the country. 
  • It`s greatly affected thanks to poverty faced by the producers and gender inequality. Also, India lacks sector-specific skills and education. 
  • Not many are conscious of the leather-making processes and techniques. People that are already in the business lack technical skills. The program will address these issues.

Financial Plan:

  • The Government of India will provide 50% financial assistance, and they help limit is fixed at Rs 10 crores. Every brand will get this assistance. 
  • The financial assistance is to be provided for 3 years. This is often to market the Indian brands at the international market.
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National Current Affairs February 1st Week 2022

Delhi Approves Ex Gratia Relief For Farmers:

The Delhi government has lately granted farmers Rs 20,000 per acre. Unseasonal rains caused these farmers to lose money. 
 
Highlights:
  • Rainwater backed up in their fields, destroying the crops supposed to be gathered. For Rs 53 crores, the state government has set aside 29,000 acres.
  • Unseasonal rains in September and October 2021 wreaked havoc on farmers around the capital. Due to the storms, water from adjacent drains overflowed onto the farms, causing extensive damage.
  • The Delhi government has set aside compensation cash to solve the problem. A delegation from the state administration had been dispatched to survey the damage. 
  • The money was distributed following the team`s report. If the loss is less than 70%, the compensation will be paid at a rate of 70%. 
  • If the loss is greater than 70%, the compensation must be given in full. The Delhi government has undertaken research to determine the region`s crop acreage.
  • According to the report, the area has 29,000 lands under cultivation. There are also 21,000 farmers in the area. 
  • The study also revealed the main worries of the region`s farmers. Crop loss, input expenses, the minimum support price, and so forth. The study`s findings have yet to be released.

 

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National Land Monetisation Corporation By Central Government

 
According to Economic Survey, the central government has established a "National Land Monetisation Corporation" to expedite the monetization of public sector land and non-core assets.
 
Highlights:
 
  • CPSEs have so far referred 3,400 acres of land and other non-core assets for monetization to the government.
  • CPSEs like MTNL, BSNL, BEML, BPCL, HMT Ltd, B&R, and Instrumentation Ltd have referred land.
  • Because the needed skill set to accept management duty and monetization responsibility of non-core assets in government is limited, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced the establishment of a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) in the 2021-22 Budget. 
  • The SPV was formed to efficiently and sensible monetize the land and non-core assets in conformity with worldwide best practices.
  • The NITI Aayog oversees the monetization of core assets, while the Department of Investment and Public Asset Management oversees the monetization of non-essential assets (DIPAM).

National Land Monetisation Corporation:

  • In accordance with the Budget statement, the National Land Monetisation Corporation (NLMC) is being established. 
  • It is being established as a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Indian government. The first approved share capital would be Rs 5,000 crore, with Rs 150 crore in subscribed share capital.
  • It serves as an asset manager for lands controlled by the federal government and central government-owned businesses (CPSEs). 
  • It can invest, lease, rent, or monetize assets based on recommendations from a variety of sources. 
  • The development of assets for commercial or residential uses is unrestricted. 
  • According to the Economic Survey 2021-22, the Union government`s key assets have a total monetization potential of Rs 6 lakh crore during a four-year period, from 2021-22 to 2024-25.
  • Roads, railways, oil and gas pipelines, power, and telecommunications account up 83 percent of the total value.

 

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