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Environment Current Affairs September 2nd Week 2021

Black Tigers in Similipal Tiger Reserve:

Scientists have solved the mystery surrounding Odisha`s `Black Tigers` in Similipal Tiger Reserve (STR)
♦ The STR is the world`s only tiger habitat with melanistic tigers, which have vast black stripes that run throughout their bodies and are thicker than those seen on regular tigers.
♦ Black tigers are a rare colour variation of the tiger and are no longer a fantastic species or geographical subspecies.
♦ The dark coat coloration and patterning that distinguishes wild cats is due to a single mutation in the Transmembrane Aminopeptidase Q (Taqpep) gene.
♦ The abnormally darkish or black coat of such tigers is referred to as pseudo melanistic or false coloured. If you take any tiger from Similipal, there is a nearly 60% chance that it carries the mutant gene.
♦ Factors Contributing to the Occurrence of Black Color: Due to Geographic Isolation, genetically related people in Similipal have been mating with each other for many generations, primarily due to inbreeding. It should be noted that this has important implications for tiger conservation because isolated and inbred populations are vulnerable to extinction over even short periods of time.

National Current Affairs September 2nd Week 2021

Forest Rights Act 2006 To be Carried Out:

The Forest Rights Act of 2006 was to be implemented in Jammu and Kashmir.
♦ The Jammu and Kashmir government has decided to implement the Forest Rights Act of 2006.
♦ It will improve the socioeconomic standing of tribes and nomadic communities such as the Gujjar-Bakarwals and the Gaddi-Sippis.
♦ The decision will address tribal peoples` long-standing struggles while also ensuring forest conservation.

Crime Record of India by NCRB:

The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) began keeping track of crime in India.
♦ In 2020, the Coronavirus pandemic and subsequent lockdown resulted in a decrease in common crimes such as theft, robbery, and assault on women and children.
♦ In 2020, there was a 28% increase in the number of cases registered in the country compared to 2019, owing primarily to violations of COVID-19 norms.
♦ In cases of disobedience to the order duly promulgated by public servants, a nearly 21-fold bounce was recorded.
♦ Crimes against Scheduled Castes increased by 9.4 percent. Offenses against Scheduled Tribe communities increased by 9.3 percent in 2019.

Economy Current Affairs September 2nd Week 2021

WPI Inflation Rebounded

In August, the wholesale price inflation rate rebounded to 11.39%, maintaining double digits for the fifth consecutive month.
♦ Inflation in manufactured products: 11.4%
♦ Inflation in manufactured products: 26.1%
♦ Food price inflation: 3.43%
♦ LPG, diesel inflation and petrol: 48.1%, 50.7% and 61.5% respectively.

Science & Technology Current Affairs September 2nd Week 2021

CRISPR to Control Growth of Mosquitoes:

California researchers have developed a CRISPR-based system for sterilising mosquito vectors in a safe manner. The pgSIT, or new precision-guided sterile insect technique, is another name for it.
♦ Using a CRISPR-based technique, pgSIT creates deployable mosquitoes that can reduce populations.
♦ It altered genes associated with male fertility (resulting in sterile offspring) and female flight in Aedes aegypti.
♦ The mosquito species is responsible for the spread of numerous diseases such as dengue fever, chikungunya, and Zika.
♦ pgSIT employs CRISPR to sterilise male mosquitos and paralyse disease-carrying female mosquitos.

Digital Platform Equinox by Infosys:

Infosys Equinox, a global leader in next-generation digital offerings and consulting, was launched to assist agencies in securely delivering hyper-segmented, personalised omnichannel commerce experiences to B2B and B2C buyers. 
♦ The platform`s future-ready structure allows organisations to pick and choose out-of-the-box microservices and pre-built experiences to build curated digital journeys that enhance their digital commerce or launch it from the ground up in a matter of weeks.
♦ Infosys Equinox`s four offerings: Infosys Equinox Microservices, Infosys Equinox Commerce, Infosys Equinox Experiences, and Infosys Equinox Marketing, assist companies in transforming their digital commerce across marketing, merchandising, e-commerce, shop operations, provide chain, and purchaser service.
♦ In addition, Infosys Equinox brings together best-of-breed service, product, platform, and enterprise skills from Infosys and its partners in an integrated ecosystem.

Important Days Current Affairs September 2nd Week 2021

World Lymphoma Awareness Day - 15th September:

Every year on September 15, the world observes WLAD (World Lymphoma Awareness Day). The day is dedicated to raising awareness about lymphoma and the specific emotional and psychosocial challenges that patients and caregivers face when dealing with various types of lymphoma.
♦ Lymphoma Day was established in 2002 by the Lymphoma Coalition(link is external), an international network of 83 lymphoma patient organisations based in Ontario, Canada, whose mission is to enable global impact by fostering a lymphoma ecosystem that ensures local change and evidence-based action. One of their primary functions is to provide a centralised hub of reliable current information as well as a platform for member businesses to share resources, best practises, policies, and procedures.