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Environment Current Affairs July 1st Week 2021

Crocodiles Relocated From Panchmuli Lake - Gujarat:

194 crocodiles have been evacuated from Panchmuli Lake near the Statue of Unity in Gujarat`s Narmada district in the last two days.
♦ For the safety of tourists taking boat excursions on the Panchmuli lake, crocodiles have been relocated.
♦ In Kevadia, this lake is near the 182-meter-high statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
♦ The lake has become a popular tourist destination. It used to be home to a large number of crocodiles that posed a menace to visitors.
♦ Between October and March of this year, 143 crocodiles were transferred. 51 crocodiles were relocated to two rescue centres in Gandhinagar and Godhra in 2020-21. Seventy-three rescued crocodiles were returned into the Sardar Sarovar reservoir in the 2019-20 season.
About Panchmuli lake:
♦ This lake is also known as the Sardar Sarovar Dam`s `Dyke-3.` It was created for tourists visiting the Statue of Unity. The lake is around 5 kilometres from the Statue of Unity. The Vindhyachal mountain range and Sardar Sarovar Dam may be seen clearly from here.
About Statue of Unity:
♦ It is a massive statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Bhai Patel, an Indian statesman, freedom activist, first Deputy Prime Minister, and Home Minister of an independent India. Gujarat is the location of the statue. With a height of 182 metres, it is known as the world`s highest statue. It is located in the Kevadiya settlement on the Narmada River. It is located a hundred kilometres southeast of Vadodara, Gujarat, and 150 kilometres from Surat, it faces the Sardar Sarovar Dam. The Statue of Unity is located 5 kilometres away from the Kevadia train station. This mission was announced for the first time in 2010. Its construction began in October 2013 with the help of Larsen & Toubro. It has been designed via Indian sculptor Ram V. Sutar. PM Narendra Modi had inaugurated the statue on October 31, 2018, to mark the 143rd start anniversary of Sardar Patel.

Tiger Corridor Connecting Three Tiger Reserves:

The Rajasthan government has decided to improve a tiger corridor that connects the Ranthambore, Ramgarh Vishdhari, and Mukundra tiger reserves.
♦ The establishment of the Ramgarh Vishdhari sanctuary has received approval from the Centre.
♦ This sanctuary will connect the northeastern Ranthambore Tiger Reserve with the southern Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve.
♦ The proposed web page for the sanctuary is located in Rajasthan`s Bundi District. It will run between Kota`s Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve and Sawai Madhopur`s Ranthambore Tiger Reserve.
Proposed Tiger Corridor:
♦ By relocating eight villages, a tiger corridor will be created. This will be a functional corridor to address the problem of tiger overpopulation that the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve is currently dealing with. Currently, the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve is home to more than 65 tigers. The Mukundra reserve, on the other hand, is down to just one Tiger. As a result, this tiger hall was proposed in order to stabilise population distribution.
About Ranthambore Tiger Reserve:
♦ This reserve is located at the confluence of the Aravali and Vindhya mountain ranges. Ranthambore National Park, Sawai Mansingh Sanctuary, and Keladevi Sanctuaries are all part of it. The reserve`s vegetation includes grasslands on plateaus as well as dense forests alongside seasonal streams. Typically, tropical dry deciduous woodland can be found here. The common tree species is ‘dhak` (Butea monsoperma), which can withstand long periods of drought. This tree is known as the `Flame of the Forest.` It is one of many flowering plant life with colours to dry in the reserve during the summer. It is rich in flora and fauna, with tigers at the top of the food chain. Leopards live there as well.
About Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve:
♦ In 2013, this reserve was established. It is situated between two mountains, Mukundra and Gagrola. It is approximately 80 kilometres long.

Environment Current Affairs July 1st Week 2021

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